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Ecosystem Management of the Boreal Forest

Timo Kuuluvainen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Biomes and Habitats; Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Sustainability. 11094 words.

Boreal countries are rich in forest resources, and for their area, they produce a disproportionally large share of the lumber, pulp, and paper bound for the global market. These countries...

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Environmental Impacts of Tropical Soybean and Palm Oil Crops

Kimberly M. Carlson and Rachael D. Garrett.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Politics; Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming. 19371 words.

Oil crops play a critical role in global food and energy systems. Since these crops have high oil content, they provide cooking oils for human consumption, biofuels for energy, feed for...

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History of Ecological Design

Lydia Kallipoliti.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation; Politics; Environmental History; Sustainability. 23233 words.

The term ecological design was coined in a 1996 book by Sim van der Ryn and Stewart Cowan, in which the authors argued for a seamless integration of human activities with natural processes...

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Material and Energy Flow Analysis

Vincent Moreau and Guillaume Massard.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sustainability; Research Methods in Life Sciences. 9523 words.

The concept of metabolism takes root in biology and ecology as a systematic way to account for material flows in organisms and ecosystems. Early applications of the concept attempted to...

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