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anaerobiosis

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Ecology and Conservation.

Living or growing in an environment lacking molecular oxygen.

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muffle furnace

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Ecology and Conservation.

A furnace, usually heated electrically, in which heat is applied to the charge from the outside of a refractory (heat-resistant) chamber (the muffle).

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mutation bias

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Ecology and Conservation.

Bias in the mutation frequencies of different codons, affecting the synonymous to nonsynonymous rate ratio. Mutation bias results in an accelerated rate of amino acid replacement in...

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sonicate

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Ecology and Conservation.

Subject (a biological sample) to ultrasonic vibration so as to fragment the cells, macromolecules, and membranes. A biological sample that has been subjected to such treatment.

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superfamily

Overview page. Subjects: Ecology and Conservation — Chemistry.

In genetics, a group of genes derived by one or more duplication events, originally from an ancestral gene, which show less than 50 per cent similarity.

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