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anticlastic

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Architecture.

Of a double-curved surface, of which the two curvatures (transverse to each other) lie in opposite directions, convex in length and concave in breadth, or vice versa. This condition can be...

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Bailey, John

T. F. Henderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Mathematics. 303 words.

Bailey, John (1750–1819), mathematician and land surveyor, was born at Blades Field, near Bowes, Yorkshire, the son of William Bailey. At an early age he showed strong artistic tendencies,...

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chord

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Architecture.

1 Straight line joining two points on an arc.

2 Span of an arch.

3 Diameter of an apse or a semicircular arch.

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Ellicott, Andrew

Silvio A. Bedini.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Mathematics. 1293 words.

Ellicott, Andrew (24 January 1754–20 August 1820), mathematician, astronomer, and surveyor, was born in Buckingham, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, the son of Joseph Ellicott, a millwright and...

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Leeds, John

Susan Hamburger.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Mathematics. 1088 words.

Leeds, John (18 May 1705– March 1790), public official, surveyor, and mathematician, was born at Bay Hundred, Talbot County, Maryland, the son of Edward Leeds and Ruth Ball. Leeds,...

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Leybourn, William

Sarah Bendall.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Mathematics. 1035 words.

Leybourn, William (1626–1716), mathematician and land surveyor, started his career as a bookseller and printer; his address from 1645 was Monkswell Street, Cripplegate. From about 1651 he...

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Malton, Thomas, the elder

Ann Saunders.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Geometry. 1893 words.

Malton, Thomas, the elder (1726–1801), architectural draughtsman and writer on geometry, began his career as an upholsterer in the Strand, London. He exhibited two drawings of St Martin's...

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Nicholson, Peter

Treve Rosoman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Architecture; Art Education. 2586 words.

Nicholson, Peter (1765–1844), architectural writer and mathematician, was born at Prestonkirk, Haddingtonshire, close to Edinburgh, on 20 July 1765, the third of nine children. His parents...

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pane

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Architecture.

A subdivison of a Window. Normally a window using panes contains a number of panes showing related information: for example, the popular Windows Explorer tool uses panes to show directories...

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quadrant

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Mathematics.

In a Cartesian coordinate system in the plane, the axes divide the rest of the plane into four regions called quadrants. By convention, they are usually numbered as follows: the first...

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