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Mathematics x Law x clear all

A 60 million dollar statistical issue arising in the interpretation and calculation of a measure of relative disparity: <i>Zuni Public School District 89</i> v. <i>U.S. Department of Education</i>

Joseph L. Gastwirth.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 16829 words.

In 1994, the U.S. Congress rewrote the statute providing educational funds to towns and cities of the nation where the federal government owns substantial amounts of land, which cannot be...

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Accuracy, optimality and the preponderance standard

Edward K. Cheng and Michael S. Pardo.

in Law, Probability and Risk

September 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 10361 words.

Law-and-economics scholars have recently argued that the legal system should set burdens of proof on the basis of ex ante welfare considerations. In this article, we reject this welfarist...

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Actuarial assessment of damages in personal injury litigation: how precise are we?

Felix W. H. Chan, Wai-Sum Chan and Johnny S. H. Li.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2012; p ublished online November 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

In personal injury litigation, claimants may seek their compensation for future losses or expenses as a lump sum that is determined by the product of a multiplicand and a multiplier. The...

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Actuarial risk assessment. The loss of recognition of the individual offender

Rasmus H. Wandall.

in Law, Probability and Risk

September 2006; p ublished online February 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

The paper is about the design of sentencing decision-making. It contrasts the actuarial risk assessment instrument (ARAI) in the Commonwealth of Virginia to the statutory and judicial...

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The admissibility of expert testimony about cognitive science research on eyewitness identification

Edward Stein.

in Law, Probability and Risk

December 2003; p ublished online December 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

Eyewitness identifications are important to jurors, especially in criminal trials. Psychological research has shown, however, that eyewitness testimony is systematically fallible in ways...

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Against symbolization*

D. Michael Risinger.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2012; p ublished online June 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

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Aggregating for accuracy: a closer look at sampling and accuracy in class action litigation

Hillel J. Bavli.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2015; p ublished online September 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 14398 words.

Courts and authors have suggested that, under certain circumstances, claim aggregation—and statistical sampling procedures in particular—can increase not only efficiency, but accuracy as...

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Analysing reasoning about evidence with formal models of argumentation

Henry Prakken.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2004; p ublished online March 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

This paper is on the formal modelling of reasoning about evidence. The main purpose is to advocate logical approaches as a worthwhile alternative to approaches rooted in probability theory....

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Analysis of experiments in forensic firearms/toolmarks practice offered as support for low rates of practice error and claims of inferential certainty

Clifford Spiegelman and William A. Tobin.

in Law, Probability and Risk

June 2013; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 9073 words.

This article critically evaluates experiments used to justify inferences of specific source attribution (‘individualization’) to ‘100% certainty’ and ‘near-zero’ rates of error claimed by...

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Analysis of sampling issues using Bayesian networks

A. Biedermann, F. Taroni, S. Bozza and C. G. G. Aitken.

in Law, Probability and Risk

March 2008; p ublished online December 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law; Probability and Statistics. 0 words.

This paper addresses the implementation of Bayesian sampling methodology in a graphical probability environment, i.e. Bayesian networks (BNs). An architecture of BNs which is able to be...

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