Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-10 of 36 items for:

Mathematics x Chemistry x clear all

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

binary

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Probability and Statistics.

Describing a compound or alloy formed from two elements.

See overview in Oxford Index

binary representation

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Chemistry.

The representation of a number to base 2. It uses just the two binary digits 0 and 1, and this is the reason why it is important in computing. For example, 37=(100101)2, since

37=(...

See overview in Oxford Index

binomial

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Mathematics.

An algebraic expression containing two distinct terms. For example, 3x+1 is a binomial expression, but 3x+2x is not as it can be simplified to 5x.

See overview in Oxford Index

cycle

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Computing.

Used for time: for example, ‘I could not find enough cycles today to finish my posting.’ It is derived from the cycle that represents the heartbeat of computer.

See overview in Oxford Index

decoding

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Chemistry.

The process of reconverting a coded message to the message from which it was encoded. See code.

See overview in Oxford Index

exhaustive search

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Computing.

A mechanical search algorithm that systematically examines all the nodes in a search tree, an example being a breadth-first search. Although usually very simple to program and requiring no...

See overview in Oxford Index

exp

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Mathematics.

The abbreviation and symbol for the exponential function.

See overview in Oxford Index

flip-flop

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Chemistry.

An electronic circuit that has two stable states. It is switched from one stable state to the other by means of a triggering pulse. They are extensively used as logic circuits in computers.

null...

See overview in Oxford Index

Gibbs, Josiah Willard

Charles H. Fuchsman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Mathematics. 2088 words.

Gibbs, Josiah Willard (11 February 1839–28 April 1903), physical chemist and mathematician, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, the son of Josiah Willard Gibbs, Sr., professor of sacred...

Go to American National Biography Online »  home page

Gosset, William Sealy [pseud. Student]

M. Eileen Magnello.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Probability and Statistics. 1391 words.

Gosset, William Sealy [pseud. Student] (1876–1937), chemist and statistician, was born on 13 June 1876 at 6 St Martin's Hill, St Martin, Canterbury, the eldest son of five children of...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page