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Andrews, William

Bernard Capp.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Mysticism; Mathematical Education. 453 words.

Andrews, William (1634/5–1712/13), astrologer and teacher of mathematics, was a well-known compiler of almanacs. He spent his adult life in Essex, at Ashdown (1656), Saffron Walden (by...

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Baker, Humphrey

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mysticism; History of Science and Technology; Pure Mathematics. 318 words.

Baker, Humphrey (fl. 1557–1574), writer on astrology and arithmetic, whose origins are unknown, was living in London when his almanac was published in 1557. A small volume, printed in black...

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Barrow, John

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Mathematical Education. 333 words.

Barrow, John (fl. 1735–1774), teacher of mathematics and writer, is known solely through his publications. As a young man he taught mathematics and navigation to the ‘young gentlemen’ on...

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Biological information

Luciano Floridi.

in Information

February 2010; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; History of Science and Technology; Mathematics; Physics. 3898 words.

‘Biological information’ outlines the nature of information in genetics and neuroscience. Genes are instructions for creating proteins in organisms, and these instructions are carried...

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Bourne, William

G. L'E. Turner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; History of Science and Technology. 1274 words.

Bourne, William (c. 1535–1582), writer on mathematics, was born at Gravesend, the son of John Bourne (d. 1560), who owned property in the town. His exact date of birth is not known. He was...

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Bronowski, Jacob

David Topper.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Philosophy; History of Science and Technology; Mathematics. 1181 words.

Bronowski, Jacob (18 January 1908–22 August 1974), mathematician and historian and philosopher of science, was born in Łódź (in what is now Poland), the son of Abram Bronowski and Celia...

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Cheyne, James

Thompson Cooper.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Education; Philosophy; Mathematical Education. 366 words.

Cheyne, James (c. 1545–1602), teacher of philosophy and mathematics, was born about 1545, the second son of John Cheyne (d. 1547), laird of Arnage in Aberdeenshire, and his wife, Janet...

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Coolidge, Julian Lowell

Joseph W. Dauben.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Mathematics. 834 words.

Coolidge, Julian Lowell (28 September 1873–05 March 1954), mathematician, was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, the son of John Randolph Coolidge, a lawyer, and Julia Gardner. After...

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Davison, Charles

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Volcanology and Seismology; Mathematics; History of Science and Technology. 511 words.

Davison, Charles (1858–1940), mathematician and writer on seismology, was born on 1 May 1858 in Bishopwearmouth, co. Durham, the second son of Edwin Charles Davison (1818–1902), fleet...

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Dunn, Samuel

Gordon Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; History of Science and Technology; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Mathematical Education. 947 words.

Dunn, Samuel (bap. 1723, d. 1794), teacher of mathematics and navigation, was born in Crediton, Devon, and baptized there on 7 February 1723, the son of John (d. 1744) and Alice Dunn....

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