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‘A Dynamical Form of Mechanical Effect’: Thomson's Thermodynamics

Iwan Rhys Morus.

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

April 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 7791 words.

As he settled into his position as Professor of Natural Philosophy at Glasgow, Thomson would spend much of his time over the subsequent years pondering over the problem of heat and the...

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The ACE and the shaping of British computing

Martin Campbell-Kelly.

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine

April 2005; p ublished online January 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 8370 words.

This chapter focuses on the legacy of the ACE to British computing. Design of the ACE began in earnest in 1953, when the pilot machine was complete, although physical construction did not...

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<i>The ACE Simulator and the Cybernetic Model</i>

Michael Woodger.

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine

April 2005; p ublished online January 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 1570 words.

This chapter discusses the ACE simulator and the Cybernetic Model. The ACE simulator was a demonstration machine built as an aid to the visualization of binary operations. Designed by D. W....

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The ACE Test Assembly, the Pilot ACE, the Big ACE, and the Bendix G15

Harry D. Huskey.

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine

April 2005; p ublished online January 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 4604 words.

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the ENIAC and the EDVAC projects in the US. The author then describes his work at the National Physical Laboratory. Topics covered include the...

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Adventures of the Diagonal: Non-Euclidean Mathematics and Narrative

Arkady Plotnitsky.

Edited by Apostolos Doxiadis and Barry Mazur.

in Circles Disturbed

March 2012; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 15150 words.

This chapter explores the relationship between narrative and non-Euclidean mathematics. It considers how non-Euclidean mathematics and the narratives accompanying it are linked: first, to...

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Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine

Edited by B. Jack Copeland.

April 2005; p ublished online January 2008 .

Book. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 576 pages.

The mathematical genius Alan Turing (1912-1954) was one of the greatest scientists and thinkers of the 20th century. Now well known for his crucial wartime role in breaking the ENIGMA code,...

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Algebraic Thought in Ancient and Medieval China

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall.

in Taming the Unknown

July 2014; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 9111 words.

This chapter takes a look at the scope of mathematics in Ancient and Medieval China. Although the Chinese engaged in numerical calculation as early as the middle of the second millennium...

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Algebraic Thought in Medieval India

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall.

in Taming the Unknown

July 2014; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 10163 words.

This chapter explores medieval Indian algebraic thought in the works of Āryabhạ‎ta, author of the astronomical treatise Āryabhạ‎tīya (ca. 500 CE), and Brahmagupta, who wrote the Brāhma-sp...

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Algebraic Thought in Medieval Islam

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall.

in Taming the Unknown

July 2014; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 15366 words.

This chapter turns to the realm of Islamic mathematics, which lasted longer than both the era of classical Greek mathematics and the age of “modern mathematics.” In the Islamic world,...

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Amsterdam, Breda, 1643–1652

Noel Malcolm.

in John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish

November 2004; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Mathematics. 20291 words.

This chapter chronicles the life of John Pell in Amsterdam and Breda from 1643 to 1652. John Pell had little idea of what awaited him in Amsterdam; apparently he thought his trip was to be...

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