##
alternative hypothesis

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Probability and Statistics.

The hypothesis, in a hypothesis test, that will be accepted if the null hypothesis is rejected. The term was introduced by Neyman and Egon Pearson in 1933.

##
Bayes theorem

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Psychology.

A simple form of Bayes's theorem is , where *A*′ denotes the complementary event (see sample space) to the event *A*. For example, suppose a man has two coins in his pocket. One is unbiased,...

##
Bernoulli trial

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Mathematics.

In the theory of probability, any of a sequence of independent random experiments each of which has two possible outcomes, often labelled success (*S*) or failure (*F*), with unchanging...

##
biconditional

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Computing.

A logical statement combining two statements, truth values, or formulas *P* and *Q* in such a way that the outcome is true only if *P* and *Q* are both true or both false, as indicated in the table.

##
calculate

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Psychology.

To work out the value of a mathematical or arithmetical procedure, or the output of an algorithm.

##
CFF

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Computing.

*Abbrev. for* critical flicker fusion frequency. **1.**

##
CIE color model

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Psychology.

A color model developed by the CIE and based on a standard observer whose color vision is representative of the human population having normal color vision. The first CIE color model was...

##
conservation of energy

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Mathematics.

When all the forces acting on a system are conservative forces, *E*
_{
k
}+*E*
_{
p
} = constant, where *E*
_{null...}

##
counterexample

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Psychology.

Let *p*(*x*) be a mathematical sentence involving a symbol *x*, so that, when *x* is a particular element of some universal set, *p*(*x*) is a statement that is either true or false. What may be of...

##
cross-validation

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics — Psychology.