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above the fold

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Business and Management.

When a Web page is displayed in a browser the area of the page that is displayed is referred to as being above the fold. The contents that lie below are known as below the fold. The term is...

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Abraham Wald

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Economics.

(1902–50; b. Cluj, Romania; d. Travancore, India)

Hungarian geometer and statistician. Wald gained his PhD in geometry in 1931 from U Vienna. In 1938, on the Nazi seizure of...

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access point

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Business and Management.

A hardware device that enables the access to a network using wireless technology. Sometimes referred to as a wireless access point.

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Acland, James (1799–1876)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Probability and Statistics. 8 words.

See McCalmont, Frederick Haynes

Anti-Corn Law League

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Acrobat

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Business and Management.

A software application produced by Adobe Inc., used for producing and viewing electronic documents. The file format, known as PDF (portable document format), allows an exact reproduction of...

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Addressing continuing mathematical deficiencies with advanced mathematical diagnostic testing

Michael Carr, Eoin Murphy, Brian Bowe and Eabhnat Ní Fhloinn.

in Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA

June 2013; p ublished online April 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Mathematics; Education. 0 words.

Dublin Institute of Technology offers students a number of different routes into engineering, allowing many non-standard entrants the opportunity to study the discipline provided they...

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adhocracy

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Business and Management.

An organization characterized by an absence of bureaucratic structures and rigid rule-based procedures. An adhocracy will develop new structures and working methods to meet each new goal or...

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Adrain, Robert (1775–1843), mathematician and university teacher

Stephen M. Stigler.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Education. 955 words.

Adrain, Robert (1775–1843), mathematician and university teacher, was born on 30 September 1775 in Carrickfergus, Ireland, the eldest of five children. His father, a teacher and maker of...

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adware

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Business and Management.

Software that is associated with adverts. Typically adware will display adverts on Web pages, monitor the access to the adverts and carry out financial calculations which result in the...

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affiliate program

Overview page. Subjects: Computing — Business and Management.

A system that pays a percentage of the sales revenue from an online computer purchase to the website that suggested the purchase. This differs from a sponsorship program in that payment is...

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