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Acland, James

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Probability and Statistics. 4 words.

See McCalmont, Frederick Haynes

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Baxter, Robert Dudley

E. J. Feuchtwanger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Theory; Probability and Statistics. 822 words.

Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician, was born on 3 February 1827 at Doncaster, the son of Robert Baxter, of Stoke Golding, Leicestershire, and of the firm...

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Boreham, Sir (Arthur) John

Arthur Green.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Probability and Statistics. 562 words.

Boreham, Sir (Arthur) John (1925–1994), statistician and civil servant, was born on 30 July 1925 at Noddon, Beacon Hill, Hindhead, Surrey, the second surviving son of the Ven. Frederick...

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Bray, Jeremy William

Tam Dalyell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2009; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; UK Politics. 1177 words.

Bray, Jeremy William (1930–2002), mathematician and politician, was born in Hong Kong on 29 June 1930, the son of the Revd Arthur Henry Bray and his wife, Edith Muriel, who were Methodist...

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Brodetsky, Selig

Leon Mestel.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Politics and Law; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ethnic Politics. 959 words.

Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader, was born on 5 July 1888 at Olviopol, a small town in Ukraine 100 miles north of Odessa, the second son among the thirteen...

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Cleland, James

Stana Nenadic.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Probability and Statistics. 593 words.

Cleland, James (1770–1840), statistician and civic administrator, was born in Glasgow on 28 January 1770 and spent his early career as a cabinet-maker in his father's firm. He was educated...

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cube law

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Politics.

An empirical law relating to the outcome of two-party multiple constituency elections. It states that if the votes gained by the parties are in the ratio p to (1-p), then the numbers of...

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Digges, Thomas

Stephen Johnston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; UK Politics. 1929 words.

Digges, Thomas (c. 1546–1595), mathematician and member of parliament, was the eldest son of Leonard Digges (c. 1515–c. 1559), practical mathematician, and his wife, Bridget, daughter of...

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Fawcett, Philippa Garrett

Rita McWilliams Tullberg.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; UK Politics; Political Institutions. 1656 words.

Fawcett, Philippa Garrett (1868–1948), mathematician and civil servant, was born in London on 4 April 1868, the only daughter of Henry Fawcett (1833–1884), Liberal politician and professor...

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Fletcher, Joseph

Timothy L. Alborn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Organization and Management of Education; Probability and Statistics. 570 words.

Fletcher, Joseph (1813–1852), statistician and school inspector, was the third son of George Fletcher, of Rennes, France. Little is known of his background and early life, except that he...

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