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About Face

Peter Thompson.

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 2912 words.

Inverting the eyes and the mouth in a smiling face renders the expression grotesque. However, when this image is itself rotated through 180 degrees, the grotesque expression is no longer...

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Adaptation Aftereffects in the Perception of Faces

Michael A. Webster.

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 4045 words.

Most people are adept at recognizing a face they have seen previously, or inferring from the face an individual’s traits. These abilities suggest that some aspects of the visual...

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Adaptation to Brightness Change, Contours, Jogging, and Apparent Motion

Stuart Anstis.

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 4665 words.

Frisby and Stone have dubbed adaptation the “psychophysicist’s electrode” and John Mollon once famously said, “If it adapts, it’s there.” Psychologists piously hope that their many...

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Alternative visions

Marco Piccolino and Nicholas J. Wade.

in Galileo's Visions

December 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 16980 words.

Between 1604 and 1611 Johannes Kepler published two fundamental works laying the foundation for modern physiological optics. However, Galileo continued in his adherence to old theories of...

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Ambiguous Figures Moving Forward

Lori J. Bernstein.

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 4713 words.

There is inherent ambiguity in visual proximal stimuli, yet only under special circumstances is this obvious. There are many explanations for how we so effortlessly disambiguate inherently...

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The Ames Window Illusion and Its Variations

Marcel de Heer and Thomas V. Papathomas.

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 4135 words.

This chapter presents a brief history of the Ames window illusion, in which a trapezoid with its long and short sides in a vertical position rotates continuously in the same direction about...

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Amodally Completed Angles

Walter Gerbino.

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 4542 words.

When the vertex of an occluded angle geometrically belongs to the side of the occluding surface, the occluded angle looks distorted. This characteristic effect of coincidental...

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An Analysis of Theoretical Approaches to Geometrical-Optical Illusions

Barbara Gillam.

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 7634 words.

The geometrical optical illusions, such as the Müller-Lyer and the Poggendorff, are simple line drawings, which demonstrate errors as large as 25% when people are asked to match their...

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The anatomy of conscious and unconscious vision

Melvyn Goodale and David Milner.

in Sight Unseen

June 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 5726 words.

In this chapter, recent fMRI studies of activity in the ventral and dorsal streams of Dee Fletcher and other individuals with visual deficits are discussed. The results of neuroimaging...

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Antigravity Slopes

Kokichi Sugihara.

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

July 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Neuroscience. 1502 words.

A new type of illusion, called the antigravity slope illusion, is presented in this chapter. In this illusion a slope orientation is perceived opposite to the true orientation and hence a...

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