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The background

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 4545 words.

‘The background’ gives an explanation of the prevailing scientific doctrine in the time of Galileo. Aristotelian philosophy was the basis of University education from the thirteenth...

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Callan, Nicholas Joseph

James G. O'Hara.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Physics. 1261 words.

Callan, Nicholas Joseph (1799–1864), Roman Catholic priest and physicist, was born on 20 December 1799 at Darver in the parish of Dromiskin, co. Louth, Ireland, into a well-to-do Roman...

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Chevallier, Temple

David Knight.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Education. 1004 words.

Chevallier, Temple (1794–1873), Church of England clergyman and university teacher, was born on 19 October 1794 at Badingham, Suffolk, the youngest son of the Revd Temple Chevallier. He was...

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Conflicts with astronomers and theologians

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 7480 words.

‘Conflicts with astronomers and theologians’ documents Galileo's dealings with the Catholic Church and fellow astronomers. Galileo inadvertently offended Christopher Schelner, a Jesuit...

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Conflicts with philosophers

Stillman Drake.

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 5786 words.

‘Conflicts with philosophers’ outlines some of the disagreements Galileo had with natural philosophers. In 1604 Galileo had a feud with a philosopher over the distance of a supernova from...

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The <i>Dialogue</i> and the Inquisition

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2695 words.

‘The Dialogue and the Inquisition’ discusses how Galileo's Dialogue of the two Chief Systems of the World, which discussed the merits of Copernicanism over Aristotelianism, led him to the...

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The final years

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 5655 words.

‘The final years’ charts Galileo's time under house arrest until his death. Galileo was banned from having any of his work published or reprinted, but despite this his books were translated...

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Galileo

Stillman Drake.

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 160 pages.

Galileo: A Very Short Introduction advances the hypothesis that Galileo's prosecution and condemnation by the Inquisition was caused not by his defiance of the Church but by the hostility...

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Galileo's early years

Stillman Drake.

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 6335 words.

‘Galileo's early years’ provides an insight into Galileo's childhood and early work. Galileo was born in Pisa, and attended the University there. He became chair of mathematics at Pisa...

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Hill, Thomas

Luke Fernandez.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1037 words.

Hill, Thomas (07 January 1818–21 November 1891), Unitarian clergyman, college president, and scientist, was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the son of Thomas Hill, a judge, and Henrietta...

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