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Applications

I. David Brown.

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography; Condensed Matter Physics. 16022 words.

The competition between chemical and spatial constraints leads to the unusual properties of many materials that have been analysed using the bond valence model. Applications are found in...

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Applications to Soft Matter

Wim H. de Jeu.

in Basic X-Ray Scattering for Soft Matter

April 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography; Physics. 8610 words.

This chapter brings a wide selection of examples from soft matter, in which the knowledge of x-ray scattering of the previous chapters is applied. The choice of topics reflects, to some...

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Basic Scattering by Particles

Wim H. de Jeu.

in Basic X-Ray Scattering for Soft Matter

April 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography; Physics. 8267 words.

In Chapter 2 the scattering of x-rays is extended to atoms, molecules, and more complex particles like colloids. This allows the elucidatation of the basic principles of scattering in some...

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Basic X-Ray Scattering for Soft Matter

Wim H. de Jeu.

April 2016; p ublished online June 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Crystallography; Physics. 160 pages.

X-ray scattering is a well-established technique in materials science. Several excellent textbooks exist in the field, typically written by physicists who use mathematics to make things...

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The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Christopher Hammond.

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Crystallography; Condensed Matter Physics. 544 pages.

This book provides an introduction to crystallography, light, X-ray, and electron diffraction. The book also shows, by historical and biographical references, how the subject has developed...

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Blow, David Mervyn

Guy Dodson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2009; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological and Medical Physics; Crystallography. 1658 words.

Blow, David Mervyn (1931–2004), crystallographer and biophysicist, was born on 27 June 1931 at 4 Claremont Road, Handsworth, Birmingham, the younger son of Edward Mervyn Blow, Methodist...

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The Bond Valence Model

I. David Brown.

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography; Condensed Matter Physics. 13468 words.

The bond valence model provides the tools needed for a practical implementation of the flux theory. These include the empirical bonding strengths of atoms, i.e. Lewis acid and base...

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Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence

David Phillips (Lord Phillips of Ellesmere).

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Crystallography; Physics. 3001 words.

Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence (1890–1971), physicist and crystallographer, was born on 31 March 1890 at 58/60 Lefevre Terrace, Adelaide, Australia, the elder son (the younger, Robert, was...

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Bravais lattices and crystal systems

Christopher Hammond.

in The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography; Condensed Matter Physics. 4788 words.

Chapter 3 describes the fourteen Bravais (space) lattices. It looks at centro and non-centrosymmetric (enantiomorphous and non-enantiomorphous) point groups and geometrical relations...

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Cation Coordination Number

I. David Brown.

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry

September 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Crystallography; Condensed Matter Physics. 5086 words.

The coordination number serves as a measure of the size of an atom but many atoms adopt a range of coordination numbers. The relative sizes of the two bonded atoms determines the largest...

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