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Abnormalities of Event-Related Potential Components in Schizophrenia

Brian F. O'Donnell, Dean F. Salisbury, Margaret A. Niznikiewicz, Colleen A. Brenner and Jenifer L. Vohs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 18623 words.

Schizophrenia is a disabling psychotic illness that has been associated with alterations in synaptic connectivity and neurotransmission. Since event-related potential (ERP) components are...

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The acoustic environment

William J. Davies.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 17650 words.

This article provides an overview of what shapes the acoustic signals that arrive at the ear. There are three physical processes which are capable of generating audible sound: a vibrating...

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The afferent synapse

Jonathan Ashmore.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Ear

January 2010; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 12981 words.

This article introduces a number of critical features of the afferent synapse with particular reference to mammalian hearing. The auditory synapse is the first relay point for the input of...

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Aging changes in the central auditory system

Robert D. Frisina.

in The Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Auditory Brain

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 11364 words.

This article examines age-related changes in the central auditory system from anatomical and neurochemical vantage points, and then the functional consequences of these structural changes...

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Alignment in dialogue

Simon Garrod and Martin J. Pickering.

August 2007; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 6655 words.

This article argues that psycholinguists need to think in a different way to understand processing in dialogue. According to this view, interlocutors do not use language to encode and...

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Alterations of ERP Components in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Rolf Verleger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13837 words.

This chapter reviews event-related potential (ERP) studies in patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases. Such studies have been conducted from two different points of view: using...

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Analogy and Relational Reasoning

Keith J. Holyoak.

in The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

March 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 18509 words.

Analogy is an inductive mechanism based on structured comparisons of mental representations. It is an important special case of role-based relational reasoning, in which inferences are...

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Animal Metacognition

J. David Smith, Michael J. Beran and Justin J. Couchman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 14485 words.

Metacognition refers to the monitoring and control of basic cognitive processes. The presumption is that some minds have a cognitive executive that oversees and regulates thinking and...

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Applications of Neuroscience to Mathematics Education

Bert De Smedt and Roland H. Grabner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

July 2015; p ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Educational Psychology. 10987 words.

In this chapter, we explore three types of applications of neuroscience to mathematics education: neurounderstanding, neuroprediction, and neurointervention. Neurounderstanding refers to...

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Arthropod NavigationAnts, Bees, Crabs, Spiders Finding Their Way

Ken Cheng.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13699 words.

Arthropods are a much-studied group of animals. They include insects, spiders, and hard-shelled invertebrates such as crabs. This chapter reviews four broad topics on the navigational...

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