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Abnormal Psychology

Robin Cautin.

in Psychology

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 3198 words.

Abnormal psychology is the subdiscipline of psychology concerned with aberrant behavior—its clinical description, etiology, developmental course, assessment, and treatment. Throughout...

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Action Research

Geoffrey Maruyama and Martin Van Boekel.

in Psychology

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 11471 words.

Unlike many areas of psychology, “action research” does not possess a single definition or evoke a single meaning for all researchers. Most action research links back to work initiated by a...

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Addictive Behavior

Kenneth J. Sher and Alvaro Vergés.

in Psychology

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 20206 words.

Historians and anthropologists have documented the existence of addictive behaviors across diverse societies from the beginning of recorded history. Thus, when we examine this topic, we...

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Adherence and Health Behavior Change in the Context of Mental Health Challenges

Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek and Summer L. Williams.

in The Oxford Handbook of Health Communication, Behavior Change, and Treatment Adherence

October 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Health Psychology; Social Psychology; Clinical Psychology. 12001 words.

This chapter outlines the ways in which depression and other mental health issues influence adherence and health-behavior change. Patient adherence and health-behavior change are defined...

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Adolescence

Robert D. Laird.

in Psychology

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 13111 words.

Adolescence is the developmental period occurring between childhood and adulthood. Although no standard definition of adolescence exists, due largely to the lack of a clear demarcation...

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Adulthood

Judith Stevens-Long and Michael Lewis.

in Psychology

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 12965 words.

As an independent field of study, adult development emerged from psychology, sociology, and gerontology in the early 1970s. Several important streams contributed to its growth. These can...

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Affective Forecasting

Cheryl Hahn, Dieynaba Ndiaye, Timothy Wilson and Daniel Gilbert.

in Psychology

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 11610 words.

In our everyday life it is common to make predictions about our future emotions. For example, we may predict that we will feel devastated if we were to break up with a significant other or...

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Affiliation and Stress

Shelley E. Taylor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Health Psychology; Social Psychology. 11960 words.

Affiliation with others is a basic human coping response for managing a broad array of stressful circumstances. Affiliating with others is both psychologically and biologically comforting,...

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Aggression

Timothy Deckman, Richard S. Pond and C. Nathan DeWall.

in Psychology

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 7902 words.

Violence and aggression are prevalent across human cultures and daily life. One merely has to turn on the television or open an Internet browser to quickly gain access to violent images....

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Alzheimer's Disease

Chad Hales and Allan Levey.

in Psychology

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 3464 words.

Memory is a conserved cognitive task that has persisted for thousands of years. Early utilization may have assisted in returning to the best hunting ground or fruit grove while more current...

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