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adipose

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Psychology.

Fatty or pertaining to fat. Adipose tissue is connective tissue with a predominance of fat cells which serves as an insulating layer and an energy store.

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ageusia

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Psychology.

Absence of the sense of taste. Compare cacogeusia, dysgeusia, hypergeusia, hypogeusia, parageusia, taste blindness. ageusic adj. [From Greek a- without + geusis taste + -ia indicating a...

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aphagia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Dentistry.

The loss of the ability to swallow. It is often used to refer specifically to an inability to eat. Aphagia can be due to lesions in the hypothalamus of the brain, damage to the cranial...

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circumvallate papilla

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Dentistry.

One of a variable number (usually 8–14) of mushroom-shaped projections on the dorsum of the tongue, forming a row anterior to and parallel with the sulcus terminalis. They are approximately...

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counterbalancing

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Dentistry.

(in statistics)

Systematic changing of the order in which the experimental conditions are given. For example, if there are two conditions (X and Y), by counterbalancing, half of...

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dysphemia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Dentistry.

Impaired ability to speak; Broca's aphasia (see under aphasia). [From Greek dys- bad or abnormal + pheme speech + -ia indicating a condition or quality]

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eccentric

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Dentistry.

1 Positioned off centre.

2 Of or relating to a retinal image cast by a visual stimulus off the centre of the fovea.

3 Odd or...

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equilibration

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Dentistry.

The restoration or maintenance of a state of equilibrium. Occlusal equilibration is achieved by selective grinding to modify the occlusal surfaces of the teeth and achieve occlusal harmony...

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gate-control theory

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Dentistry.

States that pain is a function of the balance between the information travelling to the spinal cord through large nerve fibres, which do not carry painful stimuli, and information...

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hyperalgesia

Overview page. Subjects: Psychology — Dentistry.

An abnormal state of increased sensitivity to a painful stimulus, such as severe pain experienced in response to the insertion of a hypodermic needle. Compare allodynia.

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