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Psychology x Cognitive Psychology x clear all

1951

Willem J.M. Levelt.

in A History of Psycholinguistics

October 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 7430 words.

Psycholinguistics is a discipline that was said to have emerged in 1951, which was also the time when three notable events occurred. This chapter discusses these three landmark events that...

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A “Fortunate” Discovery

Marco Piccolino, Marco Bresadola and Nicholas Wade.

in Shocking Frogs

November 2013; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuropsychology; Cognitive Psychology. 14816 words.

This chapter reconstructs the final stage of Galvani’s electrophysiological investigation, which led him to the publication of his theory of animal electricity. The final model of the...

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<sup>*</sup> A balanced psychology and a full life

Martin E.P. Seligman, Acacia C. Parks and Tracy Steen.

in The Science of Well-Being

November 2005; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 4267 words.

This chapter provides a brief overview of American psychology and its history. The goals of studying genius and talent and making relatively untroubled people happy took a backseat to the...

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<sup>*</sup> A well-being manifesto for a flourishing society<sup>1</sup>

Nic Marks and Hetan Shah.

in The Science of Well-Being

November 2005; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 12816 words.

This chapter presents the key points of the well-being manifesto developed by the new economics foundation, a think tank in London, to provide a guide for ‘well-being politics’ that may...

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Abandoning Optimism in Predictions About the Future

James A. Shepperd, Kate Sweeny and Patrick J. Carroll.

in Judgments Over Time

March 2006; p ublished online March 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 9409 words.

This chapter reports research showing that people are not always optimistic and will sometimes surrender their optimism for a less ...

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Abductive Reasoning

Jon Kolko.

in Exposing the Magic of Design

December 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 1653 words.

This chapter explains how abductive reasoning works, comparing and contrasting this form of logic with both deductive and inductive logic. It is then described in the context of creative...

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Aberrant Attentional Processes in Schizophrenia as Reflected in Latent Inhibition Data

Robert E. Lubow.

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 8931 words.

Latent inhibition (LI) is demonstrated when a previously unattended stimulus is less effective in a new learning situation than a novel stimulus. Since LI is reduced by dopamine agonists...

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Abnormal Psychology

Robin Cautin.

in Psychology

P ublished online November 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology; History and Systems in Psychology; Educational Psychology; Social Psychology. 3198 words.

Abnormal psychology is the subdiscipline of psychology concerned with aberrant behavior—its clinical description, etiology, developmental course, assessment, and treatment. Throughout...

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Abnormalities in monetary and other non-drug reward processing in drug addiction

Rita Z. Goldstein.

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning

March 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology. 10667 words.

Adaptations of the reward circuit to intermittent and chronic supraphysiological stimulation by drugs increase reward thresholds. As a consequence, response to non-drug reinforcers in...

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Abnormalities of Event-Related Potential Components in Schizophrenia

Brian F. O'Donnell, Dean F. Salisbury, Margaret A. Niznikiewicz, Colleen A. Brenner and Jenifer L. Vohs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 18623 words.

Schizophrenia is a disabling psychotic illness that has been associated with alterations in synaptic connectivity and neurotransmission. Since event-related potential (ERP) components are...

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