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Addington, Henry Unwin (1790–1870), diplomatist and civil servant

Muriel E. Chamberlain.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; UK Politics; Political Institutions. 992 words.

Addington, Henry Unwin (1790–1870), diplomatist and civil servant, the second son of John Hiley Addington MP (d. 1818) and Mary (d. 1833), the daughter of Henry Unwin, and the nephew of...

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Arms Control and Disarmament Diplomacy

Rebecca Johnson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy

March 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Institutions. 7814 words.

This article begins by discussing the four kinds of development that helped change the expectations, objectives, and conduct of modern disarmament diplomacy: (i) transformative advances in...

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Austria and the European Union

Paul Luif.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions; International Relations. 10276 words.

Austria was occupied at the end of World War II by the four Allies, but in contrast to Germany the four powers left in 1955—the condition being its declaration of permanent neutrality, on...

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The Baltic States in the European Union

Tanel Kerikmäe, Archil Chochia and Max Atallah.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Political Institutions; International Relations. 12031 words.

Integration with the European Union has been far less distressing for the three Baltic States than for numerous other accessing countries owing to their strong societal impetus to (re)join...

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Beale, Robert (1541–1601), administrator and diplomat

Gary M. Bell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 2803 words.

Beale, Robert (1541–1601), administrator and diplomat, was the first son of Robert Beale (d. 1545?), mercer, of London, and his wife, Amy, sister of Sir Richard Morison (c. 1510–1556),...

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Becher, Sir William (bap. 1580, d. 1651), diplomat and government official

S. A. Baron.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1391 words.

Becher, Sir William (bap. 1580, d. 1651), diplomat and government official, was the grandson of a London alderman and the eldest son of William Becher, a London merchant tailor, and Judith...

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Bilateral Diplomacy

Andrés Rozental and Alicia Buenrostro.

in The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy

March 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Institutions. 8704 words.

Diplomacy is based on crafting ways to enhance relations among nations. Bilateral diplomacy determines when, where, and how a specific country-to-country relationship will become more...

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The Bureaucracy: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Service, and Other Government Departments

Jeremy Greenstock.

in The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy

March 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; International Relations; Political Institutions. 7525 words.

The exponential growth in the complexity of human exchange has led to two major developments in the protected world of the diplomat: the entry into intergovernmental business of most other...

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Campbell, Sir John, of Lundie (d. 1562), administrator and ambassador

Athol Murray.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 922 words.

Campbell, Sir John, of Lundie (d. 1562), administrator and ambassador, was an illegitimate son of Colin Campbell, first earl of Argyll (d. 1493). Although nothing is known of his early...

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Carew, Sir George (c. 1556–1612), administrator and diplomat

W. J. Jones.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1307 words.

Carew, Sir George (c. 1556–1612), administrator and diplomat, was probably born at Antony, Cornwall, the second son of Thomas Carew (c.1527–1564), landowner, and his wife, Elizabeth,...

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