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Abu Bakar [Abu Bakar ibni al-Marhum Dato Temenggong Sri Maharaja Tun Ibrahim]

A. J. Stockwell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Indian Politics; Indian History. 2454 words.

Abu Bakar [Abu Bakar ibni al-Marhum Dato Temenggong Sri Maharaja Tun Ibrahim] (1833–1895), sultan of Johore, was born in Teluk Belanga, Singapore, most probably on 3 February 1833, the...

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Ancient Chinese Religion

Mu-chou Poo.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 6905 words.

Religion is a form of activity and mental attitude that helps humans deal with real or imagined extrahuman forces that influence human life. In ancient China from the Neolithic to the...

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Assertive Nationalism and China's Core Interests

Wenting (Florence) Yang and Suisheng Suisheng (Sam) Zhao.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 8635 words.

After 2008, many scholars noticed that Beijing became more willing to respond to popular nationalist calls in pursuing the so-called core national interest and to adopting tougher measures...

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Blakiston, Thomas Wright

H. E. D. Blakiston.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; History of the Americas; Asian History; Indian History. 1247 words.

Blakiston, Thomas Wright (1832–1891), army officer and explorer, was born at Lymington in Hampshire on 27 December 1832, the second of three sons of John Blakiston (1785–1867), army...

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Brave new China?

Rana Mitter.

in Modern China

February 2008; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); Asian History; Political Geography. 445 words.

To what extent does the China envisaged a century ago resemble the China that exists now? ‘Brave new China?’ questions whether China today really is a ‘brave new world’ even though a glance...

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Brooke, Sir Charles Anthoni Johnson

R. H. W. Reece.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; Indian History. 2024 words.

Brooke, Sir Charles Anthoni Johnson (1829–1917), naval officer and second raja of Sarawak, was born at Berrow vicarage, near Burnham, Somerset, on 3 June 1829, the second son of Francis...

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Buddhist Monasticism

Ann Heirman.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 8747 words.

In symbiosis with the laity, Buddhist monasticism has played a major role in the development of Buddhism in China. Starting shortly after the beginning of the Common Era, in the Later Han...

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Burnes, Sir Alexander

Katherine Prior.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Indian History; Politics; Middle Eastern History. 1016 words.

Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer, fourth of the five sons of James Burnes (1780–1852), provost of Montrose, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of...

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Calligraphy

Amy McNair.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 17015 words.

Calligraphy is the art of writing characters with a brush and ink. Yet, the word “calligraphy,” from the Greek kalligraphía (beautiful writing), is something of a mistranslation of the...

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Central-Local Relations

Yongnian Zheng and Cuifen Weng.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 8180 words.

According to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the local administration is divided into three tiers: province, county, and township. In reality, however, it is a...

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