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Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh

John Van der Kiste.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; British History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); European History. 1742 words.

Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born Alfred Ernest Albert at Windsor Castle on 6 August 1844, the...

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ballot

Overview page. Subjects: European History — Politics.

Secret voting; a vote conducted by this method. Voting by dropping a pebble (psephos—hence psephology) into an urn was an invention of ancient Greek democrats, resurrected in the eighteenth...

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Billings, Joseph

John H. Appleby.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; European History; Maps and Map-making; Oceanography and Hydrology; World History. 1481 words.

Billings, Joseph (1758–1806), explorer and hydrographer in Russia, was born in 1758 at Turnham Green, Middlesex, according to ship musters; parish church registers confirm the birth of...

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Borough, Stephen

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; European History; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 2667 words.

Borough, Stephen (1525–1584), explorer and naval administrator, was born on 25 September 1525 at Borough House, Northam Burrows, Northam, Devon, the elder son of Walter Borough (1494–1548)...

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Borough, William

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas; European History; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 2473 words.

Borough, William (bap. 1536, d. 1598), explorer and naval administrator, was born at Borough House, Northam Burrows, Northam, Devon, to Walter Borough (1494–1548) and Mary (née Dough) and...

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bull-baiting

Overview page. Subjects: European History — Sport and Leisure.

Was probably introduced to Ireland from England, where it had been a popular pastime at least from the 13th century. Bulls, sometimes mutilated and invariably tethered, were baited by both...

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Cambridge, Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George, earl of Athlone [formerly Prince Alexander of Teck]

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: European History; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; British History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1751 words.

Cambridge, Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George, earl of Athlone [formerly Prince Alexander of Teck] (1874–1957), army officer and governor-general of South Africa, was born...

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camogie

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — European History.

Essentially a women's version of hurling, was invented by female members of the Gaelic League. It was first played publicly at Navan, Co. Meath, in 1904. Unlike other Gaelic sports ...

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Conclusion

in Northern Ireland

January 2003; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: British History; European History; Political Geography. 378 words.

The Conclusion highlights how potential exists now in Northern Ireland for an experiment important in the wider world. Can two identities and national allegiances be accommodated in the...

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Conclusion

Vanessa Schwartz.

in Modern France

October 2011; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945); European History; Political Geography. 691 words.

The ‘Conclusion’ summarizes what can be learned of post-Revolution France. The realities of modern France are more complex than nationalist pageants show. Power comes to those who unite...

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