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Abrahams, Israel (1858–1925), Jewish scholar and historian

Bryan Diamond.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Religious Studies. 1172 words.

Abrahams, Israel (1858–1925), Jewish scholar and historian, was born on 26 November 1858 at 10 Finsbury Square, London, the second son in the family of four sons and two daughters of...

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Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist

Josef L. Altholz.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; History. 4652 words.

Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist, was born at Naples on 10 January 1834, the only child of Sir Ferdinand Richard Edward Acton,...

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Adamski, George

Robert S. Ellwood.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mysticism; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Education. 834 words.

Adamski, George (17 April 1891–23 April 1965), lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on UFOs during the 1950s' flying saucer enthusiasm, lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on...

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Aikenhead, Thomas (bap. 1676, d. 1697), freethinker and blasphemer

Michael Hunter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 766 words.

Aikenhead, Thomas (bap. 1676, d. 1697), freethinker and blasphemer, was baptized on 28 March 1676, the son of James Aikenhead (d. in or before 1683), apothecary and burgess of Edinburgh,...

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Alcott, A. Bronson

Frederick C. Dahlstrand.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Alternative Belief Systems; Education. 2037 words.

Alcott, A. Bronson (29 November 1799–04 March 1888), Transcendentalist and reformer, was born Amos Bronson Alcox in Wolcott, Connecticut, the son of Joseph Chatfield Alcox and Anna Bronson,...

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Alexander, Joseph Addison

Mark A. Noll.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Education. 1584 words.

Alexander, Joseph Addison (24 April 1809–28 January 1860), Presbyterian scholar and minister, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Janetta Waddel and Archibald Alexander, a...

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Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1872–1953), Indian civil servant and Islamic scholar

Khizar Humayun Ansari.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Islam; Religious Studies. 1351 words.

Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1872–1953), Indian civil servant and Islamic scholar, was born on 4 April 1872 in Surat, Gujarat, India. His father, Yusuf Ali Allahbuksh,...

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Anderson, Sir (James) Norman Dalrymple (1908–1994), missionary, jurist, and writer on religion

Todd M. Thompson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Religion and Education; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1751 words.

Anderson, Sir (James) Norman Dalrymple (1908–1994), missionary, jurist, and writer on religion, was born on 29 September 1908 at Aldeburgh, Suffolk, the second son and last of the four...

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Anthropology of Religious Conversion

Henri Gooren.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religious Conversion

April 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion. 14802 words.

This chapter analyzes important approaches in anthropology that have dealt with religious change. The central question is how anthropologists identify and analyze the main factors in the...

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Anti-Semitism Research

Wolfgang Benz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Studies

December 2004; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion. 5545 words.

Anti-Semitism refers to all anti-Jewish statements, tendencies, resentments, attitudes, and actions, regardless of whether they are religiously, racially, socially, or otherwise motivated....

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