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Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist

Josef L. Altholz.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; History. 4652 words.

Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist, was born at Naples on 10 January 1834, the only child of Sir Ferdinand Richard Edward Acton,...

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Aikenhead, Thomas (bap. 1676, d. 1697), freethinker and blasphemer

Michael Hunter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 766 words.

Aikenhead, Thomas (bap. 1676, d. 1697), freethinker and blasphemer, was baptized on 28 March 1676, the son of James Aikenhead (d. in or before 1683), apothecary and burgess of Edinburgh,...

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Alcott, A. Bronson

Frederick C. Dahlstrand.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Alternative Belief Systems; Education. 2037 words.

Alcott, A. Bronson (29 November 1799–04 March 1888), Transcendentalist and reformer, was born Amos Bronson Alcox in Wolcott, Connecticut, the son of Joseph Chatfield Alcox and Anna Bronson,...

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Atheism and Societal Health

Phil Zuckerman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion. 6527 words.

This article examines the strong correlation that currently exists between high levels of secularity in a given society positive societal well-being. By looking at the most and least...

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Atheism, Health, and Well-Being

Karen Hwang.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Religion and Science; Sociology of Religion. 5818 words.

The last few years have seen a great deal of research on the association between religion, spirituality, and medical outcomes. This research has not been without controversy however, in...

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Beesly, Edward Spencer (1831–1915), positivist and historian

Martha S. Vogeler.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Education; History. 1144 words.

Beesly, Edward Spencer (1831–1915), positivist and historian, was born on 23 January 1831 in Feckenham, Worcestershire, the eldest son of the Revd James Beesly and his wife, Emily...

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Bennett, John Cook

Michael Quinn.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Medicine and Health; Christian Churches and Denominations; Business and Management; Education; Alternative Belief Systems. 1614 words.

Bennett, John Cook (03 August 1804–05 August 1867), physician, religious leader, and entrepreneur, was born in Fair Haven, Bristol County, Massachusetts, the son of John Bennett, a...

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Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh (1858–1935), freethinker and radical

Edward Royle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Politics. 1074 words.

Bonner, Hypatia Bradlaugh (1858–1935), freethinker and radical, was born in London on 30 March 1858 at 3 Hedger's Terrace, Hackney, the second child of Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891),...

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Bradlaugh, Charles (1833–1891), politician and freethinker

Edward Royle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; UK Politics. 1843 words.

Bradlaugh, Charles (1833–1891), politician and freethinker, was born on 26 September 1833 at home at 31 Bacchus Walk, Hoxton, London, the eldest of seven children born to Charles Bradlaugh,...

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Carlile, Elizabeth Sharples (1803–1852), freethought lecturer and advocate of women's rights

Edward Royle.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative Belief Systems; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Education. 857 words.

Carlile, Elizabeth Sharples (1803–1852), freethought lecturer and advocate of women's rights, was one of six children born to Ann and Richard Sharples, a counterpane manufacturer, in...

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