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Adler, Polly

Marilynn Wood Hill.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 1934 words.

Adler, Polly (16 April 1900?–09 June 1962), prostitution madam and author, was born Pearl Adler in Yanow, Russia, the daughter of Morris Adler, a tailor, and Gertrude Koval (called...

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The Adviser to Princes

in Machiavelli

October 2000; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Political Theory. 10418 words.

‘The Adviser to Princes’ considers The Prince, written by Machiavelli in order to recommend himself to the new Medici rulers of Florence. The book is concerned with gaining and holding...

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Albert, Octavia Victoria Rogers

Frances Smith Foster.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Biographical Studies. 914 words.

Albert, Octavia Victoria Rogers (24 December 1853–1890?), author and activist, was born in Oglethorpe, Georgia, the daughter of slaves. Details of her life are sketchy. Little is known of...

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Alexander, Alexander

Matthew Brown.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Biographical Studies; Literature. 974 words.

Alexander, Alexander (b. 1781/2), soldier and writer, was born in Dundonald, Ayrshire, the illegitimate son of a wealthy Scottish merchant. Almost everything known about him comes from his...

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Alexander, Edward Porter

Gary W. Gallagher.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Biographical Studies. 1305 words.

Alexander, Edward Porter (26 May 1835–28 April 1910), Confederate soldier and author, was born in Washington, Georgia, the son of Adam Leopold Alexander, a planter and banker, and Sarah...

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Ambrose, Stephen Edward

Bruce J. Evensen.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online April 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; Biographical Studies. 1235 words.

Ambrose, Stephen Edward (10 January 1936–13 October 2002), historian and biographer, was born in Decatur, Illinois, the middle son of Stephen Hedges Ambrose, a family physician, and Rosepha...

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Anthony, Katharine Susan

Maureen A. Flanagan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Biographical Studies. 990 words.

Anthony, Katharine Susan (27 November 1877–20 November 1965), author, was born in Roseville, Arkansas, the daughter of Ernest A. Anthony and Susan Jane Cathey. Her father was a distant...

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Arnold, Isaac Newton

James A. Rawley.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Biographical Studies. 1264 words.

Arnold, Isaac Newton (30 November 1815–24 April 1884), congressman and biographer, was born in Hartwick, Otsego County, New York, the son of George Washington Arnold, a doctor, and Sophia...

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Ashe, Arthur

McKay Jenkins.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Biographical Studies. 1866 words.

Ashe, Arthur (10 July 1943–06 February 1993), tennis player, author, and political activist, was born Arthur Robert Ashe, Jr., in Richmond, Virginia, the son of Arthur Ashe, Sr., a police...

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Ashley, (Anthony) Evelyn Melbourne

Reginald Lucas.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Biographical Studies. 1058 words.

Ashley, (Anthony) Evelyn Melbourne (1836–1907), politician and biographer, born in London on 24 July 1836, was the fourth son of Anthony Ashley Cooper, seventh earl of Shaftesbury...

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