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Abell, George Ogden

Norriss S. Hetherington.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 905 words.

Abell, George Ogden (01 March 1927–07 October 1983), astronomer and educator, was born in Los Angeles, California, the son of Theodore Curtis Abell, a Unitarian minister, and Annamarie...

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Adamski, George

Robert S. Ellwood.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mysticism; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Education. 834 words.

Adamski, George (17 April 1891–23 April 1965), lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on UFOs during the 1950s' flying saucer enthusiasm, lecturer and writer on occult subjects and on...

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Aubert, Alexander

A. M. Clerke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1117 words.

Aubert, Alexander (bap. 1730, d. 1805), merchant and astronomer, was born at Austin Friars, London, and baptized on 11 May 1730 at St Peter-le-Poer, Old Broad Street, London, the second of...

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backscattering

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

The phenomenon that occurs when radiation is scattered predominantly backwards along its original path. Rayleigh scattering and Thomson scattering generate equal amounts of forward and...

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Bacon, John Mackenzie

W. B. Owen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 970 words.

Bacon, John Mackenzie (1846–1904), astronomer and aviator, born at Lambourn Woodlands, Berkshire, on 19 June 1846, was the fourth son of John Bacon (1809–1871), vicar of Lambourn Woodlands,...

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Bagwell, William

T. F. Henderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 434 words.

Bagwell, William (b. c. 1593, d. in or after 1664), merchant and writer on astronomy, was, according to his own account, 'bred a merchant in good quality, skilfully furnished...

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Baily, Francis

William J. Ashworth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business Finance; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2897 words.

Baily, Francis (1774–1844), stockbroker and astronomer, was born at Newbury, Berkshire, on 28 April 1774, the third son of Richard Baily (1744–1814), a banker, and his wife, Sarah Head...

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ballistic trajectory

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Astronomy and Astrophysics.

The curved flight path of a spacecraft after the launch vehicle's power has ended. The launching of early spacecraft had to be configured carefully to follow the correct ballistic...

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Bellamy, Frank Arthur

Roger Hutchins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2005 words.

Bellamy, Frank Arthur (1863–1936), astronomer and philatelist, was born on 17 October 1863 at St John's Street, Oxford, the youngest of the six children of Montague Bellamy (1830–1882), a...

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Brattle, Thomas

Conrad Edick Wright.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 940 words.

Brattle, Thomas (1658–1713), astronomer and college administrator in America, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 20 June 1658, the second of the eight children of Thomas Brattle (c.1624–...

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