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Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer

Charles W. J. Withers.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; Cartography; World History. 1491 words.

Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer, was born on 2 September 1660 in Leith, Scotland. Nothing is known of his parents or his early education. The first firm reference to...

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Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Education; Prints and Printmaking. 719 words.

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall,...

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Adams, Harriet Chalmers

Tamar Y. Rothenberg.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online October 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Journalism; Education. 1374 words.

Adams, Harriet Chalmers (22 October 1875–17 July 1937), explorer, lecturer, and writer, was born Harriet Chalmers in Stockton, California. Her father, Alexander Chalmers, Canadian via...

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Akeley, Mary Leonore Jobe

Robert L. Gale.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Education. 1463 words.

Akeley, Mary Leonore Jobe (29 January 1878–19 July 1966), explorer, author, and educator, was born near Tappan, Ohio, the daughter of Richard Watson Jobe and Sarah Jane Pittis, farmers....

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Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

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Argall, Sir Samuel

J. Frederick Fausz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1153 words.

Argall, Sir Samuel (1580–24 January 1626), English explorer and colonial leader in early Virginia, was baptized at East Sutton, Kent, England, on 4 December 1580, the son of Richard Argall,...

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Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica

Adrienne Reynolds.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Medicine and Health; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making. 580 words.

Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica, was born on 23 November 1881 at Sion Hill, St Vincent, Windward Islands, West Indies, the third of...

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Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer

A. H. Beesly.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas. 1596 words.

Back, Sir George (1796–1878), naval officer and explorer, was born on 6 November 1796 at Stockport, Cheshire, the second son of John Back and his wife, Ann. He entered the navy as...

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Balch, Herbert Ernest (1869–1958), cave explorer and museum curator

Bridget Salmon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Conservation, Restoration, and Care of Artworks; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1576 words.

Balch, Herbert Ernest (1869–1958), cave explorer and museum curator, was born in St Thomas Street, Wells, Somerset, on 4 November 1869, the second of six children of William Balch,...

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Balleny, John (b. c. 1770, d. in or after 1842), merchant navy officer and Antarctic discoverer

A. G. E. Jones.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Maps and Map-making; Travel and Holiday. 586 words.

Balleny, John (b. c. 1770, d. in or after 1842), merchant navy officer and Antarctic discoverer, was born c.1770 but nothing is known about his early life and education. He may...

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