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Adams, James Hopkins

Ronald W. Fischer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Agriculture and Farming. 991 words.

Adams, James Hopkins (15 March 1812–13 July 1861), planter and politician, was born in Richland District, South Carolina, the son of Henry Walker Adams and Mary Goodwyn, planters. At an...

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Agricultural Dispersals in Mediterranean and Temperate Europe

Aurélie Salavert.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmental History; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 16742 words.

Along with ceramics production, sedentism, and herding, agriculture is a major component of the Neolithic as it is defined in Europe. Therefore, the agricultural system of the first...

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Agricultural Subsidies and the Environment

Heather Williams.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Environmental History; Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 10280 words.

Worldwide, governments subsidize agriculture at the rate of approximately 1 billion dollars per day. This figure rises to about twice that when export and biofuels production subsidies and...

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Aiken, D. Wyatt

William L. Barney.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Agriculture and Farming; Journalism. 1025 words.

Aiken, D. Wyatt (17 March 1828–06 April 1887), agricultural editor and congressman, was born David Wyatt Aiken in Winnsboro, South Carolina, the son of David Aiken, a merchant and planter,...

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Aiken, George David

Donald R. McCoy.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics. 943 words.

Aiken, George David (20 August 1892–19 November 1984), farmer and U.S. senator, was born in Dummerston, Vermont, the son of Edward W. Aiken and Myra Cook, farmers. He attended high school...

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Aiken, William

James M. Clifton.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Agriculture and Farming. 973 words.

Aiken, William (28 January 1806–06 September 1887), planter and congressman, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of William Aiken, Sr., an Irish immigrant, and Henrietta Wyatt....

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Alden, John

Mark A. Peterson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; World History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 916 words.

Alden, John (1599?–12 September 1687), farmer and magistrate, was one of the original settlers of Plymouth Colony, arriving in New England on the Mayflower in 1620. No definite information...

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Allen, Edward Tyson

Veronica June Bruce.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science). 1162 words.

Allen, Edward Tyson (26 December 1875–27 May 1942), forester and conservationist, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, the son of Oscar Dana Allen, a professor of analytical chemistry at the...

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Allen, William

Benjamin H. Newcomb.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History; History of Agriculture; US Politics; Agriculture and Farming. 866 words.

Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America, was born on 5 August 1704 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to William Allen (d. c.1725), merchant, and his wife, known only by...

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Allerton, Samuel Waters

Leslie V. Tischauser.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Agriculture and Farming. 1121 words.

Allerton, Samuel Waters (26 May 1828–22 February 1914), meat packer, was born in Amenia, New York, the son of Samuel Waters Allerton, Sr., a tailor and woolen mill operator, and Hannah...

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