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Acid Deposition

Eve-Lyn S. Hinckley.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9328 words.

Acid deposition is one of the major environmental problems of the modern world. This broad term refers to a mix of wet and dry material containing high amounts of primarily nitrogen (N) and...

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Acid Deposition

Eve-Lyn S. Hinckley.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9328 words.

Acid deposition is one of the major environmental problems of the modern world. This broad term refers to a mix of wet and dry material containing high amounts of primarily nitrogen (N) and...

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Anthropocene

Andrew Goudie.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 8360 words.

The term “Anthropocene” has Greek roots (anthropo meaning “human” and –cene meaning “new”). It is a new term for an older concept, and a great deal of argument concerns how it can be...

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Arid Environments

David S.G. Thomas.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9468 words.

Arid environments cover almost half the earth’s land surface and embrace a considerable range of environmental conditions. Terms such as arid, desert, and dryland are commonly used...

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Bush Encroachment

Timothy Gordon O'Connor and Nicola Stevens.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 13603 words.

Savannas are a significant biome within the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Australia, North America, South America, and Southeast Asia including India. On a global scale,...

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Carbon Dynamics

Asmeret Asefaw Berhe, Chelsea Arnold, Lixia Jin, Michael Kaiser and Rebecca Lever.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 11544 words.

The biogeochemical cycle of carbon (C) in the earth system controls fluxes, pools, and transformations associated with life’s most fundamental element. As the most basic building block for...

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Common Pool Resources

Tanya Heikkila and David P. Carter.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 8513 words.

Common pool resources (CPRs) are characterized as resources for which the exclusion of users is difficult (referred to as excludability), and the use of such a resource by one user...

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Critical Zone

Tim White and Sarah Sharkey.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 5688 words.

The critical zone (CZ), a term coined by the US National Research Council in 2001, encompasses the thin outer veneer of Earth’s surface, extending from the top of the vegetation canopy down...

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Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia

Philip M. Fearnside.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 13614 words.

Tropical deforestation represents one of the world’s great environmental problems, and Brazilian Amazonia has particular importance owing to the current rate of forest loss and the vast...

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Deltas

Edward J. Anthony.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 16093 words.

River deltas are subaqueous and subaerial coastal accumulations of river-derived sediments adjacent to, or close to, the source river. The word “delta,” however, is used in a more general...

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