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Active Offender Research

Scott Jacques.

in Criminology

P ublished online April 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 6538 words.

Before criminology became obsessed with quantitative research, many of the field’s insights about crime came from offenders’ “own stories,” although this work typically used accounts from...

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Adult Offender Assessment and Classification in Custodial Settings

James Bonta and J.S. Wormith.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Prisons and Jails. 13262 words.

This chapter describes the developments that have occurred over the past three decades in the area of offender assessment and classification, including discussion of why offender...

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The aims and values of ‘criminal justice’

Andrew Sanders, Richard Young and Mandy Burton.

in Criminal Justice

July 2010; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminal Justice. 31234 words.

This chapter discusses the nature and structure of ‘criminal justice’; proving guilt and innocence; adversarial and inquisitorial theories of criminal justice; recent trends in criminal...

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Airport and Airline Security

Peter Adey.

in Criminology

P ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 9562 words.

The airport is a site where the sorting and effective differentiation of the (global) mobilities of people and things take place. It is a nexus in a node of a network or system of...

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Alcohol and Drug Problems: Law Enforcement and Legal Policy

Anna Celeste Burke.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Addictions and Substance Misuse; Criminal Justice; Social Policy and Advocacy. 4555 words.

Historically, U.S. policy has been characterized by long-standing ambivalence evident in the changing emphasis placed on prohibition as the aim of drug policy, and in debate about the...

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Alcohol and Drug Prohibition

Wayne Hall and Sarah Yeates.

in Criminology

P ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 7536 words.

In standard reference works such as the Oxford English Dictionary, a general definition of prohibition as “the action or act of forbidding” is quickly followed by a definition of...

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Alcohol Use, Policy and Crime

Robert Nash Parker and Kevin McCaffree.

in Criminology

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 14427 words.

The topic of alcohol use in society is multifaceted and dynamic. Consciousness-altering substance use can be found in the archaeological record dating back to the very beginning of human...

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Alfred Blumstein

Robert Brame.

in Criminology

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 5640 words.

Alfred “Al” Blumstein’s career contributions stand at the intersection of operations research, policy analysis, and criminology. A member of the National Academy of Engineering who has...

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Alternatives to Incarceration

Faye S. Taxman and Alex Breno.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Penology and Punishment. 9875 words.

Alternatives to incarceration are more than options, they have evolved into sentences of their own accord. Originally, probation and prison were the two major sentences; however, the...

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American Corrections: Reform Without Change

Karol Lucken and Thomas G. Blomberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Corrections. 8459 words.

This article outlines the corrections system of America. It traces the history of the corrections system and offers some observations on what led to the massive prison buildup. It considers...

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