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American Corrections: Reform Without Change

Karol Lucken and Thomas G. Blomberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Corrections. 8459 words.

This article outlines the corrections system of America. It traces the history of the corrections system and offers some observations on what led to the massive prison buildup. It considers...

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Capital Punishment, Closure, and Media

Jody Madeira.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 7784 words.

In contemporary society, “closure” refers to “end to a traumatic event or an emotional process” (Berns, 2011, pp. 18–19)—and, in the more specific context of capital punishment, controversy...

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The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies

Christy A. Visher and Jeremy Travis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 8680 words.

This article reports that rehabilitation for prisoners is still not dead. It reveals that prisoner reentry programs have been implemented nationwide for the past ten years, and that current...

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Disorder and Crime

Wesley G. Skogan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention; Corrections. 7531 words.

This article takes a look at the roles disorder plays in relation to crime; one of these is its ability to cause other forms of crime. It lists the various definitions of disorder, and...

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The Effectiveness of Corrections-Based Work and Academic and Vocational Education Programs

Doris Layton MacKenzie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 11676 words.

This article studies the effectiveness of corrections-based work and academic and vocational education programs for offenders. It summarizes the present education, vocational, and work...

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Immigration Detention and Punishment

Sarah Turnbull.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Article. Subjects: Corrections. 274 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article.null...

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Introduction Sentencing and Corrections: Overlapping and Inseparable Subjects

Joan Petersilia and Kevin R. Reitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 8200 words.

This article serves as an introduction to the concepts of sentencing and corrections, which are two inseparable subject areas. Sentencing is a legal process where criminal sanctions are...

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Life on the Outside: Transitioning from Prison to the Community

Thomas P. LeBel and Shadd Maruna.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 12689 words.

This article focuses on the growing difficult realities of moving from prison to the community. It refers to several narratives of people who have experienced—and struggled—with the...

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The Present Status and Future Prospects of Parole Boards and Parole Supervision

Edward E. Rhine.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Corrections. 13530 words.

This article outlines the striking changes that have occurred in parole release and supervision over the last two and a half decades. It reveals that most of the prisoners are now released...

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Probation and Community Penalties

Stan C. Proband.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Courts and Procedure. 7715 words.

Probation remains the most common form of correctional supervision. Well over half of sentenced offenders, over four million at any one time in recent years, are under the control of...

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