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ABC TV

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

A US national television network broadcaster that has been one of the major investors—along with CBS and NBC—in sports programming in the USA. These three network broadcasters dominated...

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Abebe Bikila

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — African Studies.

1932–1973 Ethiopian runner who won two Olympic gold medals in the marathon.

Abebe Bikila was born in Mout, Ethiopia. Before competing as a runner he was a member of the ...

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Abel, Bobby (1857–1936)

Stuart George.

in A Supplementary Dictionary of Sports Personalities

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sport and Leisure. 69 words.

He scored heavily for his county until 1903, when failing eyesight forced him to retire. In later life he

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Adam, Karl (1912–76)

Stuart George.

in A Supplementary Dictionary of Sports Personalities

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sport and Leisure. 98 words.

His methods revolutionized rowing in the 1950s and 1960s. A world student boxing champion before the Second World War, he

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Adidas

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

(established 1920)

This leading global producer of sports footwear, equipment, and leisure wear is widely recognized by its trefoil logo, launched in 1972, the more geometric...

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adventure sports

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

A term widely used but rarely defined, relating to broad and imprecise categories of outdoor activity and what are also referred to as lifestyle sports or activities characterized by...

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aeroplane racing

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

One of the two earliest forms of competitive sport with aeroplanes (along with record-breaking distance flights), established in France in the first decade of the 20th century. In England,...

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Aerts, Jean (1907–92)

Stuart George.

in A Supplementary Dictionary of Sports Personalities

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sport and Leisure. 41 words.

He was the first man to win amateur (1927) and professional (1935) world road-race titles. His

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AFC

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

(Asian Football Confederation)

Formed in 1954 with twelve founder members, the federation representing the national football (soccer) associations of Asia; the first president was...

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affect control

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

The process, identified by Norbert Elias, whereby social constraints are brought to bear upon feelings, emotions, and associated behaviours. In the first volume of his The Civilizing...

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