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applications software

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Physics.

Computer programs that are designed for a particular purpose or application. For example, accounts programs, games programs, and educational programs are all applications software. Compare...

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Aubert, Alexander

A. M. Clerke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1117 words.

Aubert, Alexander (bap. 1730, d. 1805), merchant and astronomer, was born at Austin Friars, London, and baptized on 11 May 1730 at St Peter-le-Poer, Old Broad Street, London, the second of...

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Bacon, John Mackenzie

W. B. Owen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 970 words.

Bacon, John Mackenzie (1846–1904), astronomer and aviator, born at Lambourn Woodlands, Berkshire, on 19 June 1846, was the fourth son of John Bacon (1809–1871), vicar of Lambourn Woodlands,...

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Bagwell, William

T. F. Henderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 434 words.

Bagwell, William (b. c. 1593, d. in or after 1664), merchant and writer on astronomy, was, according to his own account, 'bred a merchant in good quality, skilfully furnished...

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Baily, Francis

William J. Ashworth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business Finance; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2897 words.

Baily, Francis (1774–1844), stockbroker and astronomer, was born at Newbury, Berkshire, on 28 April 1774, the third son of Richard Baily (1744–1814), a banker, and his wife, Sarah Head...

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Barnard, Joseph Edwin

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 588 words.

Barnard, Joseph Edwin (1868–1949), hatter and microscopist, was born on 7 December 1868 at 321 Vauxhall Bridge Road, Pimlico, London, the son of Walter Barnard, hatter, and his wife,...

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binary notation

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Physics.

A number system using only two different digits, 0 and 1. Instead of units, tens, hundreds, etc., as used in the decimal system, digits in the binary notation represent units, twos, fours,...

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Brown, Joseph

Sara Schechner Genuth.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1184 words.

Brown, Joseph (03 December 1733–03 December 1785), businessman and scientist, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, the son of James Brown, a merchant and West Indies trader, and Hope...

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Ferrner, Bengt

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 3 words.

See Industrial spies

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Lister, Joseph Jackson

G. L'E. Turner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Physics. 2186 words.

Lister, Joseph Jackson (1786–1869), wine merchant and microscopist, was born on 11 January 1786 in Lothbury, City of London, the only son of John Lister, a wine merchant, and his wife, Mary...

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