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Ability or Finances as Constraints on Entrepreneurship? Evidence from Survival Rates in a Natural Experiment

Steffen Andersen and Kasper Meisner Nielsen.

in The Review of Financial Studies

December 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Entrepreneurship; Business and Management. 11199 words.

We use a natural experiment in Denmark to test the hypothesis that aspiring entrepreneurs face financial constraints because of low entrepreneurial quality. We identify 304 constrained...

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Action Regulation Across the Adult Lifespan (ARAL): A Metatheory of Work and Aging

Hannes Zacher, Winfried Hacker and Michael Frese.

in Work, Aging and Retirement

July 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Human Resource Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour; Labour and Demographic Economics; Gerontology and Ageing. 18855 words.

The goals of this article are to integrate action regulation theory (ART) with the lifespan developmental perspective and to outline tenets of a new metatheory of work and aging. The action...

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Age and Performance Under Pressure

Harold O. Fried and Loren W. Tauer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sports Economics

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies; Labour and Demographic Economics. 7859 words.

This article explores how well an individual manages his or her own talent to achieve high performance in an individual sport. Its setting is the Ladies Professional Golf Association...

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Age Metastereotyping and Cross-Age Workplace Interactions: A Meta View of Age Stereotypes at Work

Lisa M. Finkelstein, Eden B. King and Elora C. Voyles.

in Work, Aging and Retirement

January 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Human Resource Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour; Labour and Demographic Economics; Gerontology and Ageing. 13774 words.

This paper advances the argument that fully understanding the dynamics of an increasingly age-diverse workforce requires the consideration not only of age stereotypes, but also of the...

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Agency Problems of Corporate Philanthropy

Ronald W. Masulis and Syed Walid Reza.

in The Review of Financial Studies

February 2015; p ublished online November 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Corporate Governance; Mergers and Acquisitions; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs; Labour and Demographic Economics. 19859 words.

Evaluating agency theory and optimal contracting theory views of corporate philanthropy, we find that as corporate giving increases, shareholders reduce their valuation of firm cash...

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Auditor Conservatism, Incentive Compensation, and the Quality of Financial Reporting

Ravi Singh and Ian Larkin.

in The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization

November 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Corporate Governance; Mergers and Acquisitions; Corporate Regulation; Law and Economics; Accounting; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs. 13040 words.

This paper examines how performance-based compensation for managers influences their reporting behavior and the resulting stance auditors take when deciding whether to certify a manager’s...

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Austin, Henry

Christopher Hamlin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Construction; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building. 727 words.

Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian, was the son of William Austin, medical practitioner, of Bloomsbury Square, London. Two sisters and at least one brother survived...

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The Australian Retirement Income System: Structure, Effects and Future

Bill Martin and Ning Xiang.

in Work, Aging and Retirement

April 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Human Resource Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour; Labour and Demographic Economics; Gerontology and Ageing. 10643 words.

Australia’s retirement income institutions are under scrutiny in response to population ageing and economic uncertainties, like those of many other advanced industrial societies. This...

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Bader, Ernest

John G. Corina.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1287 words.

Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer,...

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Baker, Robert

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Surgery. 594 words.

Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector, was born on 15 August 1803 in York, the second son of John Baker, druggist, of High Ousegate, York, and his wife, Hannah. His...

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