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Criminology and Criminal Justice x Corrections x Prisons and Jails x clear all

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American Corrections: Reform Without Change

Karol Lucken and Thomas G. Blomberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Corrections. 8459 words.

This article outlines the corrections system of America. It traces the history of the corrections system and offers some observations on what led to the massive prison buildup. It considers...

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The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies

Christy A. Visher and Jeremy Travis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 8680 words.

This article reports that rehabilitation for prisoners is still not dead. It reveals that prisoner reentry programs have been implemented nationwide for the past ten years, and that current...

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The Effectiveness of Corrections-Based Work and Academic and Vocational Education Programs

Doris Layton MacKenzie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 11676 words.

This article studies the effectiveness of corrections-based work and academic and vocational education programs for offenders. It summarizes the present education, vocational, and work...

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Introduction Sentencing and Corrections: Overlapping and Inseparable Subjects

Joan Petersilia and Kevin R. Reitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 8200 words.

This article serves as an introduction to the concepts of sentencing and corrections, which are two inseparable subject areas. Sentencing is a legal process where criminal sanctions are...

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Life on the Outside: Transitioning from Prison to the Community

Thomas P. LeBel and Shadd Maruna.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 12689 words.

This article focuses on the growing difficult realities of moving from prison to the community. It refers to several narratives of people who have experienced—and struggled—with the...

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The Present Status and Future Prospects of Parole Boards and Parole Supervision

Edward E. Rhine.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Corrections. 13530 words.

This article outlines the striking changes that have occurred in parole release and supervision over the last two and a half decades. It reveals that most of the prisoners are now released...

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Risk Assessment

Christopher Slobogin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 8657 words.

This article examines risk assessment, which is defined as the identification of “risk” and “protective” factors that make involvement in crimes more or less likely. It lists the available...

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Treatment and Rehabilitation

Francis T. Cullen and Paula Smith.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

September 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails; Courts and Procedure. 10153 words.

This article explores the role of rehabilitation as a core purpose of American corrections. Section I argues that rehabilitation has been a fundamental sensibility of the correctional...

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Youth in Prison and Beyond

Edward P. Mulvey and Carol A. Schubert.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Prisons and Jails; Corrections. 11619 words.

The juvenile court was established to separate adolescent offenders from the potentially harmful effects of involvement in the adult criminal justice system. Due to glitches in this plan,...

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