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Criminology and Criminal Justice x Social Work x clear all

Alcohol and Drug Problems: Law Enforcement and Legal Policy

Anna Celeste Burke.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Addictions and Substance Misuse; Criminal Justice; Social Policy and Advocacy. 4555 words.

Historically, U.S. policy has been characterized by long-standing ambivalence evident in the changing emphasis placed on prohibition as the aim of drug policy, and in debate about the...

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Capital Punishment

Sondra J. Fogel, M. Dwayne Smith and Beth Bjerregaard.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online November 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Justice and Human Rights. 9109 words.

Capital punishment, the administration of death as a legal sanction, is a criminal-justice response to a restricted class of criminal activities that involve the killing of another human...

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Children and Armed Conflict

Susan Mapp.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Social Work; Criminal Justice; International and Global Issues in Social Work; Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Justice and Human Rights. 9100 words.

The United Nations has defined six grave violations that occur in war that impact children: killing or maiming of children, recruitment or use of children as soldiers, sexual violence...

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Client Violence

Christina E. Newhill.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Mental and Behavioural Health; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 3341 words.

Client violence and workplace safety are relevant issues for all social workers across practice settings. This entry addresses why and how social workers may be targets for a client's...

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Community Violence

Neil B. Guterman and Muhammad Haj-Yahia.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Social Work Macro Practice. 3246 words.

Community violence represents a widespread concern receiving increasing attention by social workers. This article considers the problem of community violence and our present understanding...

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Confidentiality and Privileged Communication

Carolyn I. Polowy, Sherri Morgan, W. Dwight Bailey and Carol Gorenberg.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Addictions and Substance Misuse; Criminal Justice; Practical Ethics; Mental and Behavioural Health; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 3742 words.

Confidentiality of client communications is one of the ethical foundations of the social work profession and has become a legal obligation in most states. Many problems arise in the...

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Crime and Criminal Behavior

Margaret E. Severson.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 5209 words.

This entry includes contemporary definitions of crime, theoretical ideas about the etiology of criminal behavior, and information about the methods used to estimate crime rates in the...

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Criminal Justice: Corrections

C. Aaron McNeece.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Social Work Practice Settings; Social Justice and Human Rights. 4313 words.

The United States has more than 7 million adults under correctional supervision, with more than 2 million incarcerated. The history and theories behind incarceration are described, along...

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Criminal Justice: Overview

Rudolph Alexander.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Addictions and Substance Misuse; Criminal Justice; Social Policy and Advocacy. 5535 words.

The criminal justice system traces its roots to ancient times. When the 13 original colonies were formed, they brought many of the laws and legal processes from England. Traditionally, the...

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Discrimination

Kendra DeLoach McCutcheon.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Developmental and Physical Disabilities Social Work; Gender and Sexuality; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 10681 words.

Social workers have a responsibility to challenge discrimination and promote social and economic justice. To fulfill this responsibility, it must be understood how discrimination exists and...

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