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Criminology and Criminal Justice x Sociology x clear all

Client Violence

Christina E. Newhill.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Direct Practice and Clinical Social Work; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment; Mental and Behavioural Health; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 3341 words.

Client violence and workplace safety are relevant issues for all social workers across practice settings. This entry addresses why and how social workers may be targets for a client's...

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Cohen, Stanley [Stan]

Tom Daems.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Sociology; Education; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1361 words.

Cohen, Stanley [Stan] (1942–2013), sociologist and criminologist, was born on 23 February 1942 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the eldest son of Ray Cohen, a businessman who had arrived from...

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Confidentiality and Privileged Communication

Carolyn I. Polowy, Sherri Morgan, W. Dwight Bailey and Carol Gorenberg.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Addictions and Substance Misuse; Criminal Justice; Practical Ethics; Mental and Behavioural Health; Occupations, Professions, and Work. 3742 words.

Confidentiality of client communications is one of the ethical foundations of the social work profession and has become a legal obligation in most states. Many problems arise in the...

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Davis, Katharine Bement

Sarah Stage.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sociology; Education; Social Work; Social Sciences; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1232 words.

Davis, Katharine Bement (15 January 1860–10 December 1935), social worker, prison reformer, and sex researcher, was born in Buffalo, New York, the daughter of Frances Bement and Oscar Bill...

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Discrimination

Kendra DeLoach McCutcheon.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Developmental and Physical Disabilities Social Work; Gender and Sexuality; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 10681 words.

Social workers have a responsibility to challenge discrimination and promote social and economic justice. To fulfill this responsibility, it must be understood how discrimination exists and...

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Domestic Violence in the LGBT Community

Betty Jo Barrett.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Couple and Family Social Work; Criminal Justice; Gender and Sexuality; Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 16847 words.

Since the mid 1980s, a growing body of theoretical and empirical literature has examined the existence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)...

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Hate Crimes

Nancy A. Humphreys and Shannon R. Lane.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Social Policy and Advocacy; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 1596 words.

Hate crimes and their traumatic repercussions are an important area for social worker intervention. This entry will examine how hate crimes are defined and handled, and the difficulties...

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Incarcerated Women

Patricia O’Brien.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Gender and Sexuality; Poverty; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 7668 words.

This article summarizes the incidence of women in the United States who have been sentenced to prison as a consequence of a felony conviction for violation of state or federal laws. It also...

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Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse

Jill Theresa Messing.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Couple and Family Social Work; Criminal Justice; Gender and Sexuality; Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Justice and Human Rights. 7884 words.

Intimate partner violence—the continual and systematic exercise of power and control within an intimate relationship that often also includes physical and sexual violence—has emerged as a...

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Poverty and Crime

Patrick Sharkey, Max Besbris and Michael Friedson.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty

May 2016; p ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Economic Sociology; Criminal Justice. 6748 words.

This article examines theory and evidence on the association between poverty and crime at both the individual and community levels. It begins with a review of the literature on individual-...

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