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Age and Performance Under Pressure

Harold O. Fried and Loren W. Tauer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sports Economics

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies; Labour and Demographic Economics. 7859 words.

This article explores how well an individual manages his or her own talent to achieve high performance in an individual sport. Its setting is the Ladies Professional Golf Association...

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Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian

Christopher Hamlin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Construction; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building. 734 words.

Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian, was the son of William Austin, medical practitioner, of Bloomsbury Square, London. Two sisters and at least one brother survived...

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Backscratching in Hierarchical Organizations

Valeria Maggian, Natalia Montinari and Antonio Nicol�.

in The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization

May 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Design of Experiments; Labour-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining; Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs. 11695 words.

Abstract

We experimentally investigate the role of reciprocity in sustaining the emergence of implicit collusive agreements in hierarchical organizations. We...

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Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer

John G. Corina.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1287 words.

Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer,...

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Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector

Margaret Pelling.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Surgery. 598 words.

Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector, was born on 15 August 1803 in York, the second son of John Baker, druggist, of High Ousegate, York, and his wife, Hannah. His...

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Balme, Matthew (1813–1884), factory reformer

John A. Hargreaves.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1060 words.

Balme, Matthew (1813–1884), factory reformer, was born in Tong, Yorkshire, on 8 July 1813, the third son of Francis Balme (1742–1819), a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth West (d....

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Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector

Duncan Bythell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1154 words.

Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector, was born at Great Harwood, Lancashire, on 16 October 1833, the son of Jonathan Birtwistle, a calico printer, and Ann...

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The Bosman Ruling and Labor Mobility in Football (Soccer)

John Goddard, Peter J. Sloane and John O. S. Wilson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sports Economics

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies; Labour and Demographic Economics. 9225 words.

This chapter reviews the historical development of free agency in professional football, using the English leagues as representative of what has happened in Europe, and then summarizes work...

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The Bright Side of Corporate Diversification: Evidence from Internal Labor Markets

Geoffrey Tate and Liu Yang.

in The Review of Financial Studies

August 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economics; Demand and Supply of Labour; Mergers and Acquisitions; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs; Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behaviour; Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies. 21502 words.

We document differences in human-capital deployment between diversified and focused firms. We find that diversified firms have higher labor productivity and that they redeploy labor to...

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Browning [née Chadwick], Ethel (1891–1969), toxicologist and factory inspector

P. W. J. Bartrip.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Pathology; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1068 words.

Browning [née Chadwick], Ethel (1891–1969), toxicologist and factory inspector, was born on 16 March 1891 at 36 Audlam Street, Bury, Lancashire, the daughter of James William Chadwick,...

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