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Age and Performance Under Pressure

Harold O. Fried and Loren W. Tauer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sports Economics

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies; Labour and Demographic Economics. 7859 words.

This article explores how well an individual manages his or her own talent to achieve high performance in an individual sport. Its setting is the Ladies Professional Golf Association...

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Austin, Henry

Christopher Hamlin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Construction; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building. 727 words.

Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian, was the son of William Austin, medical practitioner, of Bloomsbury Square, London. Two sisters and at least one brother survived...

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Bader, Ernest

John G. Corina.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1287 words.

Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer,...

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Baker, Robert

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Surgery. 594 words.

Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector, was born on 15 August 1803 in York, the second son of John Baker, druggist, of High Ousegate, York, and his wife, Hannah. His...

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Balme, Matthew

John A. Hargreaves.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1060 words.

Balme, Matthew (1813–1884), factory reformer, was born in Tong, Yorkshire, on 8 July 1813, the third son of Francis Balme (1742–1819), a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth West (d....

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Birtwistle, Thomas

Duncan Bythell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1154 words.

Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector, was born at Great Harwood, Lancashire, on 16 October 1833, the son of Jonathan Birtwistle, a calico printer, and Ann...

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The Bosman Ruling and Labor Mobility in Football (Soccer)

John Goddard, Peter J. Sloane and John O. S. Wilson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sports Economics

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies; Labour and Demographic Economics. 9225 words.

This chapter reviews the historical development of free agency in professional football, using the English leagues as representative of what has happened in Europe, and then summarizes work...

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The Bright Side of Corporate Diversification: Evidence from Internal Labor Markets

Geoffrey Tate and Liu Yang.

in The Review of Financial Studies

August 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economics; Demand and Supply of Labour; Mergers and Acquisitions; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs; Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behaviour; Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies. 21502 words.

We document differences in human-capital deployment between diversified and focused firms. We find that diversified firms have higher labor productivity and that they redeploy labor to...

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Browning [née Chadwick], Ethel

P. W. J. Bartrip.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Pathology; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1068 words.

Browning [née Chadwick], Ethel (1891–1969), toxicologist and factory inspector, was born on 16 March 1891 at 36 Audlam Street, Bury, Lancashire, the daughter of James William Chadwick,...

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Bywater, (Richard) Arthur Samuel

Anne Pimlott Baker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 791 words.

Bywater, (Richard) Arthur Samuel (1913–2005), munitions factory official, was born on 3 November 1913 at 1 Teignmouth Road, Selly Oak, Birmingham, the third son of Walter Bywater, clerk at...

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