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All Things Trade and Currency, All Nations Great and Small, 1933–1936

Patricia Clavin.

in Securing the World Economy

February 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 18419 words.

The period between 1933 and 1936 was an important period of transition, and EFO was used as a means through which states sought to make sense of a world now characterized by tariff walls,...

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The Architecture of the New World Order, 1944–1945

Patricia Clavin.

in Securing the World Economy

February 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 19108 words.

If the League of Nations had failed, its history generated the impulse to build not just one new organization, but many. Thanks partly to the ideas and practices inculcated by EFO, economic...

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Austerity to ‘Never had it so Good’

Jim Tomlinson.

in Managing the Economy, Managing the People

October 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 10501 words.

This chapter charts the intricacies of the Attlee government’s austerity strategy, the attempts to shape opinion around this strategy, and the obstacles faced. Central to persuading the...

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The Balance of Payments

Jim Tomlinson.

in Managing the Economy, Managing the People

October 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 10598 words.

This chapter traces the changing representation of the balance-of-payments ‘problem’ from the 1940s through the post-war period, and the reasons for its virtual disappearance as an...

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Berlin and the Creation of the Franco-German Commission

Conan Fischer.

in A Vision of Europe

February 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 14283 words.

The Berlin Conference of September 1931 secured a formal agreement to create a Franco-German customs union, envisaged wider cooperation, and established mechanisms to achieve this. This...

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Breakdown

Conan Fischer.

in A Vision of Europe

February 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 17151 words.

As the Berlin Accord unravelled and became a point of disagreement rather than Franco-German rapprochement, the old wounds reopened, particularly those surrounding reparations and...

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Conclusion

Conan Fischer.

in A Vision of Europe

February 2017; p ublished online February 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 1593 words.

The Versailles peace settlement initially failed to reconcile French and German interests. However from 1924 both countries sought to circumvent this impasse through a process of...

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Conclusion

Patricia Clavin.

in Securing the World Economy

February 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 10340 words.

The founding of the United Nations Organization and its ‘sister’ organizations, the IMF, the Word Bank, ECOSOC and the UN FAO, as well as new institutions for regional co-operation marked...

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Conclusions

Jim Tomlinson.

in Managing the Economy, Managing the People

October 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 5221 words.

This chapter examines two narratives that have recently developed a role in understandings of post-war Britain. First, the ‘rise of neo-liberalism’. Neo-liberalism has become a hugely...

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Conferences and their (Dis)contents, 1933–1934

Patricia Clavin.

in Securing the World Economy

February 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Economic History. 21336 words.

The World Economic Conference convened by the League 1933 lies at the heart of international efforts to combat the depression. It was called by the British and French governments, acting in...

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