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Freshfield, Douglas William

R. N. Rudmose Brown.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; World History; Maps and Map-making; Asian History; European History. 1220 words.

Freshfield, Douglas William (1845–1934), geographer and mountain explorer, was born at Hampstead, Middlesex, on 27 April 1845, the only son of Henry Ray Freshfield (1814–1895) [see under Fr...

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Philby, Harry St John Bridger

James Craig.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Education; Indian History; African History. 1791 words.

Philby, Harry St John Bridger (1885–1960), explorer and Arabist, was born at St John's, Badulla, Ceylon, on 3 April 1885, the second son of Harry Montagu Philby (d. 1913), a coffee planter,...

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Stein, Sir (Marc) Aurel

Annabel Walker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Archaeology; World History; Maps and Map-making; Asian History; Indian History. 2449 words.

Stein, Sir (Marc) Aurel (1862–1943), archaeologist and explorer, was born on 26 November 1862 at Tüköry utca, Pest, the third of the three children of Nathan Stein (c.1810–1889), merchant,...

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Younghusband, Sir Francis Edward

David Matless.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mysticism; Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; World History; Maps and Map-making; Asian History; Indian History. 2344 words.

Younghusband, Sir Francis Edward (1863–1942), explorer, geographer, and mystic, was born on 31 May 1863 at Murree, India, the fourth of the five children of Major (later Major-General) John...

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