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Abbott, Jacob

Edward L. Lach, Jr..

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education. 946 words.

Abbott, Jacob (14 November 1803–31 October 1879), educator and author, was born in Hallowell, Maine, the son of Jacob Abbot II, a merchant, and Betsey Chandler. He attended school in...

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Academic Achievement

Ricarda Steinmayr, Anja Meißner, Anne F. Weidinger and Linda Wirthwein.

in Education

P ublished online July 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Education; Organization and Management of Education; Philosophy and Theory of Education; Schools Studies; Teaching Skills and Techniques. 8515 words.

Academic achievement represents performance outcomes that indicate the extent to which a person has accomplished specific goals that were the focus of activities in instructional...

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Academic Audit for Universities

Michael J. Wells.

in Education

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Education; Organization and Management of Education; Philosophy and Theory of Education; Schools Studies; Teaching Skills and Techniques. 6038 words.

Academic audit for universities is a topic that is complex, technical, and laden with controversy. While the term “academic audit” is associated with evaluation in higher education, the...

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Academic Freedom and Tenure in the United States

Luther Spoehr.

in Education

P ublished online September 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Education; Organization and Management of Education; Philosophy and Theory of Education; Schools Studies; Teaching Skills and Techniques. 9841 words.

Academic freedom is a German import. Throughout the 19th century, more and more American scholars undertook advanced study in Germany and returned to the United States committed to...

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Action Research in Education

Mary Beth Hines, Adam Henze, Christina Ivanova, Leslie Rowland, Lottie Waggoner and Maria Lisak.

in Education

P ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Education; Organization and Management of Education; Philosophy and Theory of Education; Schools Studies; Teaching Skills and Techniques. 9447 words.

Educational action research involves participants conducting inquiry into their own practices in order to improve teaching and learning, practices and programs. This means that the...

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Adams, John

Frederick S. Allis.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education. 684 words.

Adams, John (18 September 1772–24 April 1863), educator, was born in Canterbury, Connecticut, the son of Captain John Adams, a farmer and a veteran of the Revolution, and Mary Parker. As a...

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Adams, Numa Pompilius Garfield

Shari Rudavsky.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Medicine and Health. 1224 words.

Adams, Numa Pompilius Garfield (26 February 1885–29 August 1940), physician and medical educator, was born in Delaplane, Virginia. Little is known about Adams’s family and early life. He...

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Adams, Sir Walter

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education. 875 words.

Adams, Sir Walter (1906–1975), university administrator, was born on 16 December 1906 at Brighton, the son of Walter Adams, a builder's clerk, and his wife, Margaret Evans. He was educated...

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Adams, William

Gardiner H. Shattuck.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Religion and Education; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 767 words.

Adams, William (25 January 1807–31 August 1880), minister and seminary president, was born in Colchester, Connecticut, the son of John Adams, an educator, and Elizabeth Ripley. Adams grew...

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Adjuncts in Higher Education in the United States

Tobias Hecht, Isabel Balseiro and Daniel Maxey.

in Education

P ublished online January 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Education; Organization and Management of Education; Philosophy and Theory of Education; Schools Studies; Teaching Skills and Techniques. 3787 words.

Although teaching remains the province of tenured and tenure-track professors in some elite colleges and universities in the United States, this arrangement is increasingly anomalous in...

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