Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-10 of 92 items for:

Environment x Engineering and Technology x clear all

Acid Deposition

Eve-Lyn S. Hinckley.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9328 words.

Acid deposition is one of the major environmental problems of the modern world. This broad term refers to a mix of wet and dry material containing high amounts of primarily nitrogen (N) and...

Go to Oxford Bibliographies »  home page

Acid Deposition

Eve-Lyn S. Hinckley.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online October 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9328 words.

Acid deposition is one of the major environmental problems of the modern world. This broad term refers to a mix of wet and dry material containing high amounts of primarily nitrogen (N) and...

Go to Oxford Bibliographies »  home page

Anthropocene

Andrew Goudie.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 8360 words.

The term “Anthropocene” has Greek roots (anthropo meaning “human” and –cene meaning “new”). It is a new term for an older concept, and a great deal of argument concerns how it can be...

Go to Oxford Bibliographies »  home page

Arid Environments

David S.G. Thomas.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 9468 words.

Arid environments cover almost half the earth’s land surface and embrace a considerable range of environmental conditions. Terms such as arid, desert, and dryland are commonly used...

Go to Oxford Bibliographies »  home page

Bush Encroachment

Timothy Gordon O'Connor and Nicola Stevens.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 13603 words.

Savannas are a significant biome within the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Australia, North America, South America, and Southeast Asia including India. On a global scale,...

Go to Oxford Bibliographies »  home page

Carbon Dynamics

Asmeret Asefaw Berhe, Chelsea Arnold, Lixia Jin, Michael Kaiser and Rebecca Lever.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 11544 words.

The biogeochemical cycle of carbon (C) in the earth system controls fluxes, pools, and transformations associated with life’s most fundamental element. As the most basic building block for...

Go to Oxford Bibliographies »  home page

Classification and Mitigation of Soil Salinization

Tibor Tóth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 10205 words.

Soil salinity has been causing problems for agriculturists for millennia, primarily in irrigated lands. The importance of salinity issues is increasing, since large areas are affected by...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture across Africa

Laura Pereira.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 12224 words.

Confidence in the projected impacts of climate change on agricultural systems has increased substantially since the first Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports. In...

Go to Oxford Research Encyclopedias »  abstract

Common Pool Resources

Tanya Heikkila and David P. Carter.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online November 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 8513 words.

Common pool resources (CPRs) are characterized as resources for which the exclusion of users is difficult (referred to as excludability), and the use of such a resource by one user...

Go to Oxford Bibliographies »  home page

Critical Zone

Tim White and Sarah Sharkey.

in Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Environment; Environmental Science, Engineering, and Technology; Environmental Science. 5688 words.

The critical zone (CZ), a term coined by the US National Research Council in 2001, encompasses the thin outer veneer of Earth’s surface, extending from the top of the vegetation canopy down...

Go to Oxford Bibliographies »  home page