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Environment x Agriculture and Farming x clear all

Agricultural Subsidies and the Environment

Heather Williams.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; Environmental History; Management of Land and Natural Resources (Social Science); Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 10280 words.

Worldwide, governments subsidize agriculture at the rate of approximately 1 billion dollars per day. This figure rises to about twice that when export and biofuels production subsidies and...

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Causes of Soil Salinization, Sodification, and Alkalinization

Elisabeth N. Bui.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Earth Sciences and Geography; Agriculture and Farming. 10003 words.

Driving forces for natural soil salinity and alkalinity are climate, rock weathering, ion exchange, and mineral equilibria reactions that ultimately control the chemical composition of soil...

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Classification and Mitigation of Soil Salinization

Tibor Tóth.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 10205 words.

Soil salinity has been causing problems for agriculturists for millennia, primarily in irrigated lands. The importance of salinity issues is increasing, since large areas are affected by...

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Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture across Africa

Laura Pereira.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 12224 words.

Confidence in the projected impacts of climate change on agricultural systems has increased substantially since the first Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports. In...

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Economics of Low Carbon Agriculture

Dominic Moran and Jorie Knook.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Environmentalist Thought and Ideology (Environmental Science); Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Sociology; Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 8703 words.

Climate change is already having a significant impact on agriculture through greater weather variability and the increasing frequency of extreme events. International policy is rightly...

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How Environmental Degradation Impoverishes the Poor

Edward B. Barbier.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Sustainability; Agriculture and Farming; Environmental Economics. 8565 words.

Globally, around 1.5 billion people in developing countries, or approximately 35% of the rural population, can be found on less-favored agricultural land (LFAL), which is susceptible to low...

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Soil Salinization

Pichu Rengasamy.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Agriculture and Farming. 10180 words.

Salt accumulation in soils, affecting agricultural productivity, environmental health, and the economy of the community, is a global phenomenon since the decline of ancient Mesopotamian...

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Soils, Science, Society, and the Environment

Colin Robins.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Pollution and Threats to the Environment (Social Science); Environmental History; Agriculture and Farming. 15968 words.

Soils are the complex, dynamic, spatially diverse, living, and environmentally sensitive foundations of terrestrial ecosystems as well as human civilizations. The modern, environmental...

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