in A Stranger in Europe
April 2008; p ublished online October 2011 .
Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 11925 words.
Tony Blair was elected to the House of Commons in 1983 at a time when the Labour Party was committed to withdrawal from the European Community (EC). Following the defeat of 1983 and the...
in European Integration After Amsterdam
March 2000; p ublished online November 2003 .
Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 12662 words.
Differentiated integration, e.g. arising out of the flexibility provisions of the Amsterdam Treaty, is a special instance of functional asymmetry within compound political systems such as...
in Insiders versus Outsiders
July 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .
Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 9631 words.
Gaining access to decision-makers is an important objective of interest groups. Not all groups, however, enjoy equal access. Some have continuous access to decision-makers in different...
in Political Responsibility and the European Union
October 2008; p ublished online July 2012 .
Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 11273 words.
This chapter examines accountability as a sub-practice of EU governance. It first distinguishes between political and other forms of accountability, then tries to spell out the basic...
in Democratic Accountability, Political Order, and Change
April 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .
Chapter. Subjects: Comparative Politics; European Union. 13936 words.
Democratic agents are supposed to speak the truth so that there is consistency between what they do and what they say. There is, nevertheless, a tension between cultural demands for...
in Cultures of Border Control
April 2011; p ublished online March 2013 .
Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 9223 words.
This chapter reviews the main tenets of the three cultures of border control that define the European case (“Westphalia,” “Schengen,” and “Brussels”). It also discusses the concept of...
in The Extreme Right in Western Europe
April 2011; p ublished online July 2012 .
Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 6802 words.
This chapter establishes the extent to which the four sets of explanations of electoral fortunes may account for the performance of right-wing extremist parties in Western Europe. It is...
in The Regimes of European Integration
July 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .
Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 7123 words.
This chapter shows how the EU decided to adopt International Accounting Standards (IAS) from the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) as official EU reporting standards, after...
in States, Debt, and Power
June 2014; p ublished online August 2014 .
Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 23317 words.
This chapter examines the formalization of creditor-debtor state relations in post-1945 Europe within the early framework of the Bretton Woods system. It looks in depth at the European...
in International Relations and the European Union
May 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .
Chapter. Subjects: European Union. 11921 words.
This chapter summarizes the volume's major findings and revisits the three perspectives on the European Union: as a system of international relations, as a participant in wider...