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Adolfo Suárez González

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 25 Sept. 1932).

Prime Minister of Spain 1976–81 Born in Cebreros (Avila), he received a doctorate degree in law from the University of Madrid, and rose quickly in the...

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Al Gore

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1948– )

US Democratic politician, vice-president of the USA 1993–2001.

The son of a Democratic politician who became senator for Tennessee (1953–71), Al Gore grew up in...

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Alain Marie Juppé

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 15 Aug. 1945).

Prime Minister of France 1995–7 Born at Mont de Marsan, he graduated from the elite colleges École Normale Supérieure and the École Nationale d'Administration....

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Albert Reynolds

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 3 Nov. 1932).

Prime Minister (Taoiseach) of the Irish Republic 1992–4 Born in Rooskey, Co. Roscommon, he spent many years as a businessman. He was first elected to Dáil Éireann...

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Alcide De Gasperi

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 3 Apr. 1881, d. 19 Aug. 1954).

Italian Prime Minister 1945–53

Early career

Born in the Trentino (which was then part of Austria‐Hungary), he graduated from...

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Aleksandr Vasilievich Kolchak

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Politics.

(b. 16 Nov. 1874, d. 7 Feb. 1920).

Russian admiralBorn in St Petersburg, of Tartar descent, he joined the Russian Imperial Navy and rose steadily in rank. A commander in the...

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Alexei Nikolaevich Kosygin

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Politics.

(b. St Petersburg, 8 (21) Feb. 1904; d. Moscow, 18 Dec. 1980)

Russian; Politbureau member 1948–53, 1957–80, chair of Council of Ministers 1964–80 After serving in the Red Army in...

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Amintore Fanfani

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 6 Feb. 1908, d. 21 Nov. 1999).

Prime Minister of Italy 1954, 1958–9, 1960–3, 1982–3, 1987 A professor in economic history at the Catholic University of Milan (since 1936),...

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anarcho-syndicalism

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Politics.

A term which described principally trade union movements or political parties whose actions and ideals were based on anarchism and syndicalism. In particular, they advocated direct,...

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Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 25 Nov. 1895, d. 21 Oct. 1978).

President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet 1964–5 The supreme survivor of Soviet politics was born in Sanain (Armenia), where he was...

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