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Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

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Argall, Sir Samuel

J. Frederick Fausz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1153 words.

Argall, Sir Samuel (1580–24 January 1626), English explorer and colonial leader in early Virginia, was baptized at East Sutton, Kent, England, on 4 December 1580, the son of Richard Argall,...

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Aspall, Geoffrey of

R. James Long.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Earth Sciences and Geography; Philosophy. 1062 words.

Aspall, Geoffrey of (d. 1287), administrator and natural philosopher, took his name from Aspall in Suffolk; his father was a landowner in that county who married a member of the wealthy...

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Ball, John

Gordon L. Herries Davies.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Earth Sciences and Geography. 1382 words.

Ball, John (1818–1889), glaciologist and politician, was born in Dublin on 20 August 1818, the eldest child of Nicholas Ball (1791–1865), judge and politician, and his wife, Jane (née Sherl...

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Bascom, Florence

Jill S. Schneiderman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality; Geology and the Lithosphere. 1307 words.

Bascom, Florence (14 July 1862–18 June 1945), geologist and educator, was born in Williamstown, Massachusetts, the daughter of suffragist Emma Curtiss and John Bascom, a professor at...

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Beecroft, John

Howard Temperley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; African History; Maps and Map-making. 751 words.

Beecroft, John (1790–1854), west African explorer and consul, was born near Whitby. Little is known about his early years beyond the fact that in 1805, while serving aboard a coasting...

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Bingham, Hiram

Thomas L. Karnes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; State and Local Government. 1324 words.

Bingham, Hiram (19 November 1875–06 June 1956), explorer, was born Hiram Bingham III in Honolulu, Hawaii, the son of Hiram Bingham (1831–1908) and Clarissa Minerva Brewster, missionaries....

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Bowdoin, James

Gordon E. Kershaw.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Earth Sciences and Geography; Philosophy. 1686 words.

Bowdoin, James (07 August 1726–06 November 1790), scientist and statesman, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of James Bowdoin, a wealthy Boston merchant of French Huguenot origins...

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Bradley, Abraham, Jr.

Richard R. John.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Cartography; World History. 1132 words.

Bradley, Abraham, Jr. (21 February 1767– May 1838), public administrator and topographer, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, the son of Abraham Bradley, a public officer, and Hannah...

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Brereton, William, third Baron Brereton of Leighlin

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Earth Sciences and Geography; Philosophy. 780 words.

Brereton, William, third Baron Brereton of Leighlin (bap. 1631, d. 1680), politician and natural philosopher, was baptized on 4 May 1631 at Brereton, Cheshire, the eldest son of William...

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