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Althea Gibson

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — United States History.

(b. 25 August 1927; d. 28 September 2003), tennis player.

Althea Gibson was the first person to break the color barrier in tennis. Gibson’s integration of tennis in 1950 occurred...

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American Immigration

David A. Gerber.

June 2011; p ublished online September 2013 .

Book. Subjects: US History (Immigration and Ethnicity); Migration Studies. 160 pages.

American Immigration: A Very Short Introduction examines the many legal efforts to curb immigration and to define who is and is not an American. It looks at immigration from the perspective...

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basketball

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Sport and Leisure.

James Naismith, an instructor at the YMCA Training School at Springfield College in Massachusetts, invented basketball in 1891 as an indoor winter game. The object was to throw a soccer ...

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Bill Richmond

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — British History.

(1763–1829).

African‐American boxer who settled in Britain and became the first black boxer of international repute. Richmond was born in Cuckold's Town near New York and was a...

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billiards and snooker

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Sport and Leisure.

Billiards is a game which evolved as a popular pursuit in the 19th cent. A modern billiards room was opened in Covent Garden and then in many London clubs. Snooker developed from it in the...

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bull-baiting

Overview page. Subjects: European History — Sport and Leisure.

Was probably introduced to Ireland from England, where it had been a popular pastime at least from the 13th century. Bulls, sometimes mutilated and invariably tethered, were baited by both...

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Calgary Stampede

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — History of the Americas.

The city of Calgary is recognized globally for its annual stampede, a time when the city dons its western garb, puts on its cowboy face, and treats visitors from around ...

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camogie

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — European History.

Essentially a women's version of hurling, was invented by female members of the Gaelic League. It was first played publicly at Navan, Co. Meath, in 1904. Unlike other Gaelic sports ...

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canoeing

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas — Sport and Leisure.

Millions of Canadians participate in recreational paddling. This might involve a weekend camping trip or a longer venture through one of the country's wilderness parks. A small but highly...

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compadrazgo

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology — History of the Americas.

In Spain and Latin America, compadrazgo is a widespread and elaborate form of “godparenting,” or ritual kinship, organized around Roman Catholic ceremonies of baptism, confirmation, and...

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