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Buddhist Economics

Matthew King.

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Buddhism; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion. 11235 words.

In addition to summarizing key concerns in Theravāda Buddhist Economics by scholars such as E. F. Schumacher and the Thai monk Payutto, this essay explores how descriptions of the West,...

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Divergent Modes of Religiosity and Armed Struggle

Harvey Whitehouse and Brian McQuinn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion; Comparative Religion. 9816 words.

This chapter investigates one of the most powerful mechanisms by which groups may be formed, inspired, and coordinated—ritual—which may be defined as normative behavior with an...

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Life-Cycle Rites of Passage

Harvey E. Goldberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Abrahamic Religions

October 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Sociology of Religion; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies. 8192 words.

Life-cycle rituals only gradually became an explicit axis of concern in Abrahamic religions while some of the cultural materials for this focus are ancient. There are both conceptual and...

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Religion and Violence from a Political Science Perspective

Daniel Philpott.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion; Comparative Religion; Religious Issues and Debates. 5661 words.

This chapter presents an account for religious violence, and also evaluates institutional independence and political theology more carefully. Then, it uses these two factors to elaborate...

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Religion and Violence from a Psychological Perspective

James W. Jones.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion; Comparative Religion. 5171 words.

This chapter summarizes some of the methods and findings in religion and violence from a psychological perspective, reviewing Stanley Milgram's obedience to authority and Philip Zimbardo's...

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Religion and Violence from a Sociological Perspective

John R. Hall.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion; Comparative Religion. 5221 words.

This chapter investigates the circumstances of violence in a way that identifies alternative “domains” in which religious concatenations of violence arise. Despite the fluidity of empirical...

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Religious Terrorism as Performance Violence

Mark Juergensmeyer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion; Sociology of Religion; Interfaith Relations. 6553 words.

This chapter describes religious terrorism as “performance violence,” illustrating that performance violence is planned in order to obtain tangible goals, and also to theatrically enact and...

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Ritual, Religion, and Violence

Candace S. Alcorta and Richard Sosis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion; Comparative Religion. 11594 words.

This chapter, which discusses the association between religion and violence, also addresses why suicide terrorists are willing to offer their lives for their life-affirming religions....

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A Sociological Approach to Questions about Religious Diversity

Michele Dillon.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religious Diversity

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Comparative Religion; Sociology of Religion. 6513 words.

This article examines questions about religious diversity from a sociological perspective, focusing on Europe and the United States. The public face and much of the public's awareness of...

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A Sociotheological Approach to Understanding Religious Violence

Mark Juergensmeyer and Mona Kanwal Sheikh.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Sociology of Religion; Comparative Religion. 11722 words.

This chapter tries to illustrate that there has been a “sociotheological turn” in contemporary scholarship which encourages social scientists to take stock of the religious justifications...

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