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Warfare and Defence x History by Period x clear all

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airship

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

The first airship was built in 1900 by Count Ferdinand Zeppelin (b. 1838, d. 1917). Following successful trials, he was commissioned to build 100 airships (Zeppelins) for the German...

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Central Powers

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

The term used for the co‐belligerents in World War I, Germany and Austria‐Hungary, as they were engulfed by their opponents, Russia to the east, and Britain, France, Belgium, and Luxemburg...

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Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(CSCE)

An organization with thirty‐four members that emerged on 1 August 1975 from the Helsinki Conference in an attempt to carry on the dialogue between Eastern and Western...

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Donald Rumsfeld

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 9 Jul. 1932).

US Secretary of Defense, 1975–7, 2001–6 Born in Chicago, Rumsfeld attended Princeton and joined the US navy in 1954. In 1957, he worked for Congress and joined an...

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(Emil Julius) Klaus Fuchs

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1911–88)

German-born British physicist. Fuchs was a Communist who went to England to escape Nazi persecution. During the 1940s he passed to the USSR secret information acquired...

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Ho Chi Minh

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Warfare and Defence.

(b. 19 May 1890, d. 3 Sept. 1969).

President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam 1945–69

Rise to power

Born Nguyen Tat Thanh as the son of a local scholar in...

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Kim Il Sung

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 15 Apr. 1912, d. 8 July 1994).

Premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) 1948–72; President 1972–94

Early career

Born of peasant...

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lance

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A lance is the emblem of St Jude, St Thomas the Apostle, St Gereon, a 4th-century martyr of Cologne, and St Maurice.

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Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 2 May 1892, d. 21 Apr. 1918).

German pilot Also known as the ‘Red Baron’, he was Germany's most famous and successful fighter pilot during World War I. He was killed in action...

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Ngo Dinh Diem

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(b. 3 Jan. 1901, d. 2 Nov. 1963).

President of South Vietnam 1955–63 Born in Hue into a family of mandarins (i.e. officials) in the Vietnamese imperial court, he graduated in law...

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