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Alien and Sedition Acts

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

(1798).

The term “Alien and Sedition Acts” refers to four controversial laws enacted by the Federalist-controlled Congress in 1798 in response to fears about imminent war with...

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American Revolution

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

When Great Britain virtually eliminated the French from North America with the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Seven Years' War, it was expected that one of the major benefits ...

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disunionism

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Warfare and Defence.

N.the doctrine, advocated before and during the Civil War, that the Union between the states should be dissolved.

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Executive Order 9981

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

An order signed by President Harry S. Truman on July 26, 1948, after World War II, to establish “equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard...

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Free-Soil Party

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

As sectional tensions over slavery increased following the Mexican War, both the Whig and Democratic parties experienced internal disputes. Antislavery members of both parties expressed...

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Fugitive Slave Law

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Warfare and Defence.

A law enacted by Congress in 1793 to enable the return of runaway slaves to their owners. It allowed slave owners to retrieve a runaway in any state or territory ...

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Kansas-Nebraska Act

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

(1854)

An Act of the US Congress concerning slavery. Following the Mexican–American War, the Compromise of 1850 had allowed squatters in New Mexico and Utah to decide by referendum...

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Missouri Compromise

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — United States History.

An arrangement made in 1820 which provided that Missouri should be admitted to the Union as a slave state, but that slavery should not be allowed in any new state lying north of 36° 30′.

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Morrill Land Grant Act

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Warfare and Defence.

An act of 1863 that extended military-style education to land-grant colleges. It required the schools to provide male students with basic military instruction, but the schools could remain...

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Open Door

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Warfare and Defence.

U.S. policy with respect to China in the late 19th century intended to ensure that China would not be divided among the European nations and Japan and to ensure free access to China for...

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