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blue helmet

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — International Law.

The name given to forces in UN peacekeeping operations after the color of the helmets (or berets) worn. See UN, The Blue Helmets (2nd ed. 1990).

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booby-trap

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — International Law.

‘Booby-trap means any device or material which is designed, constructed or adapted to kill or injure and which functions unexpectedly when a person disturbs or approaches an apparently...

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Brezhnev Doctrine

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — International Law.

Following democratic reforms in Czechoslovakia and the consequent incursion by Soviet and other Eastern European forces to restore the status quo ante in 1968, Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev...

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Caroline Affair

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Warfare and Defence.

The destruction by burning and casting adrift on the Niagra river the USS Caroline in 1838 by loyal Canadians. The ship had been dispatched with supplies and ammunition to aid ...

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Chemical Weapons Convention

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — International Law.

Properly styled the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling, and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, the convention was adopted on 3...

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child soldiers

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

It is an offence under the Statute of the International Criminal Court to conscript or enlist children under the age of fifteen in the armed forces or use them to participate actively in...

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civilian

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Warfare and Defence.

Though the Fourth Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949 is entitled the Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (75 U.N.T.S. 287), neither it nor ...

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Diplomacy and War

Paul Sharp and Robert Weiner.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Diplomacy and Consular Relations. 3423 words.

Scholars acknowledge that there is a close connection between diplomacy and war, but they disagree with regard to the character of this connection—what it is and what it ought to be. In...

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From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect

Kurt Mills and Cian O’Driscoll.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

March 2010; p ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution; Human Rights. 12935 words.

In contrast with humanitarian access or the provision of humanitarian assistance, humanitarian intervention is commonly defined as the threat or use of force by a state to prevent or end...

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IFOR

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Warfare and Defence.

An acronym for the Implementation Force, established by art. I(1)(a) of Annex 1—A of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (GFAP or Dayton Agreement) of 14 ...

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