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Warfare and Defence x Physics x clear all

Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart, Baron Blackett

Mary Jo Nye.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Defence Strategy, Planning, and Research; Physics. 2821 words.

Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart, Baron Blackett (1897–1974), physicist and government and military adviser, was born on 18 November 1897 at Kensington, London, the only son and the second...

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Fowler, Sir Ralph Howard

E. A. Milne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mathematics; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Physics. 944 words.

Fowler, Sir Ralph Howard (1889–1944), mathematical physicist and weapons researcher, was born at Fedsden, Roydon, Essex, on 17 January 1889, the elder son of Howard Fowler, of Glebelands,...

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Fuchs, Klaus Emil Julius

Rodney P. Carlisle.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Physics. 963 words.

Fuchs, Klaus Emil Julius (29 December 1911–28 January 1988), physicist and spy, was born in Russelheim, near Frankfurt, Germany, the son of Emil Fuchs, a Lutheran minister, and Else Wagner....

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hypersonic

Overview page. Subjects: Physics — Warfare and Defence.

Denoting a velocity in excess of Mach 5 (see Mach number). Hypersonic flight is flight at hypersonic speeds in the earth's atmosphere. Hypersonics is the study of phenomena, including air...

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Jones, Reginald Victor

G. H. Martin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Physics. 3246 words.

Jones, Reginald Victor (1911–1997), physicist and intelligence scientist, was born in Herne Hill, London, on 29 September 1911, the son of Harold Victor Jones (1880–1953), a sergeant of the...

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McVittie, George Cunliffe

Ralph Erskine.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Numerical and Computational Mathematics; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1156 words.

McVittie, George Cunliffe (1904–1988), astronomer and cryptanalyst, was born on 5 June 1904 in Smyrna, Turkey, the eldest of three children (two sons and a daughter) of Francis Skinner...

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megaton weapon

Overview page. Subjects: Warfare and Defence — Physics.

A nuclear weapon with an explosive power equivalent to one million tons of TNT. Compare kiloton weapon.

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periscope

Overview page. Subjects: Physics — Warfare and Defence.

An optical device that enables an observer to see over or around opaque objects. The simplest type consists of a long tube with mirrors at each end set at 45° to the direction to be viewed....

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pulsejet

Overview page. Subjects: Physics — Warfare and Defence.

A type of ramjet (see jet propulsion) in which a louvred valve at the front of the projectile is blown open by the ram effect of the moving projectile and remains open until pressure has...

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Sabine, Sir Edward

Gregory A. Good.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Physics. 3051 words.

Sabine, Sir Edward (1788–1883), army officer and physicist, was born in Great Britain Street, Dublin, on 14 October 1788, the last of the five sons (and nine children) of Joseph Sabine and...

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